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Pictographs

Learning About Pictographs

Last updated date: 19th Mar 2023
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Did you know that there is a way to make numbers more interesting? Pictographs can be used primarily for making early learners associate objects with numbers. They help in representing the data visually interesting and easy to understand. They can be useful for representing a large amount of data and solving pictograph questions to help in visually formatting statistical data. In Mathematics, a pictograph, also called a pictogram, is the pictorial representation of data using images, icons, or symbols. Examples of pictograms are also covered here. Pictographs are one of the simplest ways to represent data.


What is a Pictograph for Class 3?

Pictographs are a way to represent data using images. Each image of a pictograph represents a certain number of things. In other words, a pictograph uses images and symbols to convey information about the data provided.


Key of a Pictograph

We use a key to indicate the value of the symbol in a pictograph. In the picture below, the key is a pizza icon representing 4 children.


Pictogram 1


Pictograph Questions


Advantages of the Pictograph

Pictographs are widely used in Mathematics. There are several advantages to using pictographs in Mathematics. These are some of the advantages.

  1. They can be used primarily to get early learners to associate objects with numbers.

  2. They help to visually format the statistics.

  3. They make data visually interesting and easy to understand.

  4. Representing data pictographically can be useful for representing large amounts of data.


Solved Examples of Pictograph

1. The number of cupcakes given to 5 children is shown below. Construct a Pictograph from the given data. Also, label its parts.


Pictogram 2


1 Cupcake


Children name Terry Rachel Shelly Nancy Sharon

Number of cupcakes 6 3 7 9 4

Answer:


Pictogram 3


Pictograph with Questions and Answers


The above examples of pictographs will help us to understand how to represent the data using pictographs.


2. The pictograph represents different months of the year and the girls of a class born in a certain month:


Pictogram 4


Pictograph with Questions and Answers


Answer the following questions according to the given pictograph:

(i) How many daughters were born in the months of (a) September, and (b) October?

Ans. (a) In September 8 girls were born

(b) In October, 9 girls were born.

(ii) How many girls were born in June?

Ans. In June only 2 girls were born.

(iii) In what month was (a) the maximum number and (b) the minimum number of children born?

Ans. (a) The maximum number of girls born in October (9 girls)

(b) The minimum number of girls born in June (2 girls)

(iv) Find the total number of girls in the class.

Ans. The total number of girls in the class was 3 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 4 + 2 + 6 + 6 + 8 + 9 + 5 + 3 = 59

(v) What is the difference between the number of girls born in October and June?

Ans. The difference between the number of girls born in October and June = 9 – 2 = 7


Pictograph Examples for Grade 4

1. Jake recorded the number of pizzas sold for five days.

Read the table and answer the questions:


Pictogram 5


Pictograph Examples for Grade 4


Q1. How many pizzas did he sell on Thursday?

Ans. 8 x 5 = 40

Q2. Which day sold fewer pizzas?

Ans. Wednesday

Q3. Which day sold more pizzas?

Ans. Tuesday

Q4. What day did he sell 25 pizzas?

Ans. Monday

Q5. How many pizzas were sold on Monday and Wednesday?

Ans. 9 x 5= 45

Q6. How many fewer pizzas were sold on Friday than Thursday?

Ans. Friday 6 x5 = 30

Thursday 8 x 5 = 40

Fewer pizzas were 10, i.e. 40 - 30 = 10


2. Number of illiterate children in 5 small towns, Melrose, Marengo, Midway, Parral, and Rushville are given. See the below graphic image or pictograph to answer questions.


Pictogram 6


Pictograph Examples for Grade 4


Q1. Find the number of illiterate children in different small towns.

Ans. Melrose - 5, Marengo - 4, Midway - 7, Parral - 3 and Rushville - 2

Total number of illiterates = 21

Q2. Which city has the majority of illiterate children?

Ans. Midway


Practice Problems of Pictograph with Questions and Answers

1. The Pictograph below shows the sales of bouquets on 4 different days in a week.

From the Pictograph, answer the following questions:


Pictogram 7


Example of Pictogram


(i) What day of the week were the flower bouquets sold the most?

(ii) On what day did the sales go down?

(iii) How many flower bouquets were sold together on Monday and Saturday?

(iv) How many flower bouquets were sold together on Tuesday and Friday?

(v) How many flower bouquets were sold in total?

Answer:

  1. Monday

  2. Friday

  3. 10

  4. 5

  5. 15


2. The chart below shows the names of shirts ordered in each size in one week.



Pictogram 8


Example of Pictogram


What size of shirts were ordered for 15 (exactly) shirts?

  • Small

  • Medium

  • tall

  • Very large

Answer: Small


3. The following Pictograph indicates the number of students who use the different modes of transport to get to school.


Pictogram 9


Example of Pictogram


a) How many students go to school by car?

b) If the total number of students participating in the survey is 56, how many symbols should be drawn for students who walk to school?

c) What is the percentage of students cycling to school?

Answer:

a) 20 students

b) 3 symbols

c) 14.29 %


Summary

So in this article, we learnt about pictographs for Class 3, what they are and how they are used to make numbers more fun and help children to develop a better understanding of them because of the representation. We further learnt about pictographs with questions and answers. A key is used to indicate the value of the symbol and some important notes we should keep in mind when we solve pictograph questions. We learnt about its advantages that it makes data visually appealing and hence gives a better understanding of objects for early learners. Some solved pictograph examples are also discussed here.

FAQs on Pictographs

1. Mention the different names that represent pictographs.

Pictographs are also known as pictorial charts, pictograph charts, picture charts, Pictograph charts, etc.

2. What is the importance of the pictograph in our daily life?

Pictographs are part of our daily life through their use in medicine, transportation, computing, etc., because they indicate -in the form of icons- places, addresses, actions on actions in the real world (a town, a street, etc.) or indicate obstacles. .) or virtual space (computer desktop, Internet, etc.).

3. What are the four parts of a pictograph?

In creating a pictograph, the following parts are included:

  • A graphic title.

  • Two columns and headers for each column.

  • The names of each category that people can vote or choose for.

  • An image to represent the number of votes or other data collected.

  • A key that explains what each image represents.