What is a Dozen?
Dozen is one of the most primitive and easiest customary units of numbers. The number system with the base number 12 is known as duodecimal or dozenal. A dozen is a grouping of exactly twelve numbers, shapes, or objects. It can be written as doz or dz. Hence, 1 dozen equals to 12. The start of the dozen is believed to be started with the counting of the finger bones using the thumb. It is related to nature. There are two cycles of 12 hours in a day and 12 months in a year and twelve moon cycles or zodiac signs. Many household goods and things nowadays are sold in dozen.
One dozen stars and one dozen eggs
Examples of Dozen
Example 1: Suresh bought 4 dozen bananas. How many bananas did he buy?
Solution: Each dozen bananas has 12 bananas.
So, 4 dozen will have 4 × 12 = 48 bananas.
Example 2: Peter ordered 60 bottles of cold drink for his birthday party. The bottles came in boxes of dozen. How many boxes were there?
Solution: Each box has a dozen bottles, that is, 12 bottles.
In order to calculate how many numbers of dozen are in 60, we will divide 60 by 12.
60 ÷ 12 = 5.
Therefore, there were 5 boxes of bottles.
A baker’s dozen is a group of 13 things which is one more than a proper dozen where 1 dozen equals 12. In the United Kingdom, Bakers started this unit method of custom to avoid a fine for serving less than the required weight for 12 items. Hence, the origin of the "baker's dozen" may be a method for bakers to stop being blamed for shorting items for their customers.
A baker's dozen, devil's dozen, long dozen, or long measure is 13, one more than a standard dozen. Now, the baker’s dozen is broadly used simply for a group of thirteen objects (usually baked goods).
Do You Know?
The word dozen is taken from the French word ‘douzaine’ which means a group of 12.
The number 12 is the number under 18 with most divisors – 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 12, allowing most sub-divisions of the unit.
Twelve dozen are called a ‘gross’. Ten dozen are referred to as a ‘small gross’ and twelve grosses are referred to as a ‘big gross’. Gross is used by merchants because they usually buy their goods in gross and sell them in dozen.
Hence, dozen is a common unit that is used for long times in order to ease the process of counting objects. We generally buy fruits and vegetables in dozen. The above article contains all the basic and necessary information related to the dozen.