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ICSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10 Chemistry

Last updated date: 23rd Apr 2024
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Class 10 ICSE Chemistry Paper Pattern

Chemistry paper by ICSE for Class 10 follows a certain pattern of syllabus and marks distribution. The Chemistry syllabus is prepared in such a way that it allows students to get a deeper insight into the subject. Knowing the paper pattern of the subject will help students to understand the marks distribution and prepare for the exam properly. The Chemistry exam of Class 10 occurs for two hours and is of 80 marks. This final board exam contains the syllabus of the entire year that is both semesters one and two. The remaining 20 marks are taken from the internal assessment which comprises two 40 marks tests taken in Semester one and Semester two respectively. 


The paper for Chemistry Class 10 contains two sections: Section I and Section II. Section one has short questions worth 40 marks and all the questions are compulsory. While Section two has five questions out of which students are required to attempt any four. Each question in this section is worth 10 marks, making the total a complete eighty. The following chapters are there in the syllabus:

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Periodic Properties and Variants of Properties

This chapter deals with the properties and variations in groups and periods of the periodic table. The chapter is introduced with the definitions of some important terms like atomic size, metallic character, electronegativity, etc. 

Chemical Bonding

This chapter introduces the students to a new concept of chemical bonding between atoms or molecules. The different types of bonding discussed in this chapter include electrovalent, covalent bonding and coordinate bonding, structures of various compounds, etc. Students also learn about electron dot diagrams and the comparison of electrovalent and covalent compounds.

Study of Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter 3 of the Class 10 Chemistry syllabus introduces students to chemical compounds and their characteristic properties. The chapter also discusses ions present in acids, bases, and neutral compounds and teaches students about association and dissociation along with salt formation. 

Analytical Chemistry

This chapter teaches students about the action of ammonium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide on solutions of salts, their color, and other properties. The students also learn about the action of alkalis on certain metals, their oxides, and hydroxides.

Mole Concept and Stoichiometry

A new topic again for Class 10 Chemistry students in the ICSE board, Mole Concept and Stoichiometry talk about vapor density and its relation to relative molecular mass. The chapter also teaches students the deduction of simple and molecular formulas from percentage composition and masses of elements present in the compound.


This chapter teaches the students about electrolytes and non-electrolytes and their definitions and examples. The students are also introduced to terms like electrode, anode, cathode, anion, and cation, etc. Selective discharge of ions, migration of ions, and other methods of electrolysis are also taught.


This chapter talks about the occurrence of metals in nature and their derivation from the pure form called ore to its commercially viable form. The chapter also gives extra attention to the extraction of aluminum from its ore and the process of refining. The last portion of the chapter talks about alloys.

Study of Compounds

This chapter of the Class 10 Chemistry syllabus talks about various compounds and studies them in detail. Compounds like ammonia, hydrogen chloride, Nitric acid, sulphuric acid, etc. are discussed. Their chemical structure, manufacturing process, reactions with oxidizing agents, and other properties like solubility, density are discussed. 

Organic Chemistry

The last chapter of the Class 10 syllabus of Chemistry proves to be setting a foundation for the major portions of class 11 and 12 Chemistry. This chapter discusses the compounds containing organic elements such as carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Later in the chapter, students are taught about the nomenclature, catenation, tetravalency, etc. of the organic compounds. 


Previous Year Question Paper for ICSE Class 10 Chemistry - Free PDF Solutions

Free PDF Download of ICSE Class 10 Chemistry previous year question paper with solution solved by expert teachers on By practicing Class 10 Chemistry question paper with solutions to score more marks in your ICSE Board examinations. To register for Live Online Chemistry Tuition to clear your doubts check out Vedantu.

FAQs on ICSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10 Chemistry

1. Where can I download Class 10 ICSE Chemistry Solutions?

Students can download Class 10 ICSE Chemistry Solutions for Selina Concise from the Vedantu website or the mobile app. All the students have to do is access the website from any browser of their choice and register or sign in to their Vedantu account. After which students can visit the ICSE tab under which they will find the solutions of all chapters of Class 10 Chemistry for the ICSE board. Solutions on the Vedantu website are available to download for free as a PDF format for all students and are created by subject matter experts who formulate these solutions in an easy-to-understand language for students. 

2. Why should I download Question Papers from Previous Years from Vedantu?

Vedantu being one of the most trusted and popular digital learning platforms in India helps students to achieve their goal marks by providing them free-of-cost study materials. One such study material provided by Vedantu is the previous and past year question papers for practice that are collected from the authentic ICSE and CISCE website and cover all the essential questions that can be asked again for the next year's exam. Solving these question papers also gives students an edge over their peers as they are more prepared and well-practiced. 

3. What is the importance of solving the Previous Year's Question Papers?

Solving practice papers has several benefits for students. Aside from getting to know the paper pattern and getting familiarised with it, solving question papers can help students get an idea about the types of questions asked in the final paper. These question papers taken from previous years help students revise the entire syllabus, as they cover all the chapters, in the form of questions and serve as a very effective method to revise before an exam. It also teaches students time management as they strive to complete the paper in time and solve as many questions as they can. Practice papers also prepare students for the intense exam atmosphere and help them reduce exam day stress as they become acclimatized to solving the whole paper within the time limit. 

4. How can I score more marks in the ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Board Exam?

Following are some tips to score better in Board exams:

  • To do well and score desired marks in the standard 10 Chemistry board exam for the ICSE Board of education, students need to pay attention to the following steps very seriously when preparing for the exam and start their preparation as soon as possible. 

  • Firstly, students should begin their preparation by making a feasible and well-spaced timetable or study schedule. This ensures that students do not waste any preparation time and finish the syllabus before the exam, leaving time for revision. 

  • Students must keep in mind that Chemistry is a subject that needs to be understood conceptually and not mugged up by rote learning. Students should practice numerical and exercises in the textbooks or question papers with solutions to put their concepts to use and get a deeper knowledge of the chapter. The solutions to all chapters of Class 10 Chemistry for ICSE board can help students to clear their doubts. 

  • Students should make a list of all formulas and structures and attach it somewhere they can have a look at now and then so that it becomes easier to memorize them and keep them in mind for the exams. 

  • Practice sample papers for extra practice and better time management skills. 

5. What is the main concept of Chapter 'Organic Chemistry' in the Class 10 ICSE Chemistry Syllabus?

Organic Chemistry, Chapter 9 of Class 10 syllabus for ICSE Board Chemistry is based on the study of organic compounds that are mainly composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. The chapter focuses on teaching students about nomenclature and classification of different organic compounds based on their functional groups and other properties. Students also learn about the preparation and reactions of certain classes of organic compounds in this chapter for Class 10. Organic Chemistry is an important chapter that is introduced for the first time to Class 10 students and forms the basis of most of the syllabus for Class 11 and 12 Chemistry. It is also the chapter containing the most weightage marks-wise during the final board exam paper.