Let us understand the meaning of philosophy before learning about the role of a philosopher.
Philosophy means the ‘love of wisdom.’ It studies ideas and topics about knowledge, right and wrong, reasoning, smart thinking, and the value of things.
A person who is well-versed in philosophy is known as a philosopher.
They are known to study some of the fundamental questions of human life. What is true strength?
Origin of Philosophy
The study of philosophy began thousands of years ago in ancient Greece. People have been asking and discussing philosophical questions since the beginning of time.
Philosophers sought answers to the small and big questions about life and the world. They are known to be extremely rational and present answers supported by reason and research.
The study of philosophy soon began in different parts of the world, with philosophers seeking answers to specific questions about their religion, lands, or lives.
Some of the most famous philosophies that originated in the world are Ancient Greek Philosophy, Indian Philosophy, African Philosophy, American Philosophy, etc.
The First Philosophers in Ancient Greece
The First Philosopher
The very first philosopher in the world was Thales from Greece.
Thales was a skilled philosopher, astronomer, mathematician, and scientist. He was the first to investigate the basic principles of life and question the world, religion, and the universe. He is best known for predicting a solar eclipse using his remarkable calculation methods.
Fundamentals of Philosophy
Philosophy is divided into several different branches or fundamentals. Often philosophers decide on one specific branch and study that topic alone.
Philosophy is a very wide and vast subject divided into further branches.
These branches/fundamentals are-
Aesthetics- Study of beauty, culture, and art
Axiology- Study of the value of things in life
Metaphysics- Study of Reality
Epistemology- Study of knowledge
Ethics- Study of the right and wrong in human philosophy
Logic- Study of reasoning and arguments
Political philosophy- Study of government and the relationship between people
Branches of Philosophy
Socrates is known as the Father of Philosophy. He is widely known for his contributions which laid the foundation of Western Philosophy.
The Greek philosopher Pythagoras came up with the name ‘Philosophy’.
The reason for Pythagoras’ death is a mystery to date.
Thales is also said to be the first true mathematician in the world.
Philosophy was invented before science, which is the base of science.
Philosophy, or the study of wisdom and knowledge, is highly important since it helps us to understand problems, meanings, ideas, and arguments, think differently, create solutions and study the concepts of the universe.
It helps us to find answers to all the small and big questions about life, human behaviour, nature, the world, and everything in it.
Studying philosophy improves our thinking capacity and reading and writing skills and helps us to live a better and more meaningful life.