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How is Sound Produced in Humans?

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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An Overview

Have you ever wondered how we human beings can produce sounds? How can we produce a variety of sounds? What allows humans to produce sounds? How many sound boxes does a human body have? The most widely used method of communication in every organism from humans to all animals is the voice. 


Every higher-order organism produces vocal sounds to communicate and reach their species making complex sounds. They require specialised parts of their bodies and these specialised part in the case of humans is called the sound box or voice box or the larynx which contains voice codes that vibrate and actually perform the function of producing a sound; so, let us begin learning about how to make sound and how is the sound produced in humans.



What is Sound


What is Sound 


What is a Sound Box?

Although the sound box is a generalised term used for every box that is used to or is capable of producing any kind of sound. But in humans, the sound box is a hollow chamber present inside the middle of your neck which is located at the top of our windpipe. It houses the vocal cords that produce sounds through its vibrations. Let's see in both the larynx and the sound box in detail. 


The Sound Box of the Human Body

The larynx is the sound box of the human body. The hollow tube connecting the pharynx to the rest of the respiratory system is known as the larynx. It takes the air that we breathe in through the trachea and with the help of vocal cords present in it produces the sound. It is also called the source of our voice. The human sound box is placed in its position with the help of cartilage named the thyroid (flexible and tough tissue forming the front part of the voice box), the cricoid (the ring-shaped cartilage of the larynx), and the epiglottis. The larynx also helps in swallowing and in breathing.



Larynx and Vocal Cords


Larynx and Vocal Cords 


How Many Vocal Cords do Humans Have?

Vocal cords are thin muscles that are present across inside the larynx and are stretched as we breathe in and out as we speak vibrate and produce sound. The human larynx consists of two vocal cords that are in a V-shaped structure; the vocal cord that is superior is also known as the false vocal cord and the others are called true vocal cords. Therefore, we conclude the number of vocal cords in the human body is two in total. 


The upper or superior vocal cords are called false chords because they are not directly involved in producing sound whereas the other vocal cord is white in coloured and filled with mucus and is the one that actually produces sound.


How is the Sound Produced in Humans?

To know how a sound is produced, we need to know what is a sound. In terms of Physics, sound is defined as vibrations that move through the air or another medium. In human beings, sound is produced by an organ called the Voice box or larynx. The larynx is located in the centre of your neck, just below the Adam's apple. The larynx is the hollow muscular structure that contains the vocal cords and forms the airway to the lungs in humans. These vocal cords are responsible for the production of sound from the voice box.


When we speak, the muscles that are called vocal cords in our larynx are stretched and the opening of the larynx becomes narrower when the air passes through that narrow slit vocal cords vibrate. And when the vocal cords tighten, the vibration increases and also, in turn, increases the sound that we reduce, therefore, it is the reason why the human voice has different kinds of pitches.



Human Communication Using Sound


Human Communication Using Sound 


Summary 

To conclude all the learnings regarding how sound is produced in humans, we can say that sound is a very essential component of human life; without voice or sound, humans will not be able to communicate the way they do. In this article, we saw all the aspects regarding the voice or sound that we humans and all other higher-order organisms produce. 


Sound Boxes have variations in other organisms like in humans it is called the larynx, on other hands in birds, it is called a syrinx but the function is the same. The larynx is a hollow tube. It allows air to pass from our throat to the windpipe and produces sound. With this, we would like to end this article and hope that all the doubts related to this topic is clear now. If you have any doubts, you can ask in the comment section.

FAQs on How is Sound Produced in Humans?

1. Does sound travel faster than light?

No sound doesn't travel faster than light, it is much slower than the speed of light. The speed of sound is about 340 metres per second whereas light travels at a speed of 300 million metres per second.

2. Enumerate various properties of sound.

Sound has various properties which help distinguish the sound of various humans from one another. The property of sound is the pitch, which is the range in which humans can hear, another property is the amplitude or loudness of the sound produced.

3. Why is sound important to humans?

Sound is a very important factor for various purposes in human life. It affects numerous works that humans have. Sound is used for sharing varied information from one person to another. It is also used for interaction. It is used for creating art like music or raps and it is very important for countless other aspects of human life. without sound, we cannot even imagine our lives going as smoothly as it does with sound.