Today we are going to look at the planet, Venus. Venus is the second planet in the solar system. It is the hottest and brightest planet in the Solar system. Venus used to have a big ocean like Earth but the ocean disappeared because of some unknown reasons. Venus is also known as “Morning Star” or “Evening Start” because from Earth we can see it at sunrise and sunset. Let's fasten your seat belts and get ready to land on this brightest planet in the solar system. This article consists of many interesting facts about venus for kids. So let’s dive in and learn more about this interesting planet.
How did it Get Its Name?
The name of this planet came from the Roman Goddess of love and beauty, because of its shine. Earlier only five planets were known and among those five planets, Venus was the brightest Planet. It is the only Planet named after a female. So we will refer to it as “she”.
Why Venus is called Earth’s Twin Sister
Venus is called Earth’s twin sister because both of them have approximately the same size and same weight. They both are made up of the same materials and they both have the almost same distance from the Sun. And also they both are neighbours. Also, gravity on Earth and Venus is the same.
The Planets in the Solar System
Reason for Its Brightness
In the sky, there are three bright objects –
The reason for the brightness of Venus is due to its clouds. Venus is covered by dense clouds. These clouds are highly reflective. When sunlight reaches it, the clouds reflect the light back to space and it seems bright.
Composition of Venus
Venus is a rocky planet mainly made up of iron core and rock surface, the same as Earth. The atmosphere of Venus has mainly Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen and some other gases in very small amounts. It has thick clouds of sulphuric acids. As per the estimates, there is 96 per cent molecular nitrogen. There are also some tracks of other gases present such as water vapour, argon, helium and so on.
Composition of the Planet Venus
Rotation of Venus
The rotation of Venus is opposite from all other planets in the Solar system. The spin of Venus is very slow. Venus rotates from east to west. Therefore the Sun rises from the West on Venus. Here in Venus, the days are long and years are short. One day of Venus is equal to 243 days on Earth because it rotates very slowly on its axis. As shown below in the image you can see the rotation of planet Venus and Planet Earth is opposite.
Rotation of planets Earth and Venus
Why Life is Impossible on Venus
There are several reasons for this. The first reason is the high temperature of Venus. As we know it is the hottest planet in the world. Another reason is there is no evidence of water on the planet. As humans or animals and plants can survive without water, this is also the main reason for the impossibility of life on this planet. Another reason is the atmosphere of this planet is very thick. The atmosphere is so dense that sunlight can not penetrate it.
Important facts about Venus
Distance from Sun - 108.2 million km
Length of the day on Venus - 116d 18h 0m
Orbital Period - 225 days
Distance from Earth - 253.53 million km
Diameter of Venus - 12,104 km
Mass of Venus - 4.868 × 1024
The density of Venus - 5.204 g/cm3
Now you have all the important knowledge of the planet Venus. As you all know, Venus looks like a very bright star. The Roman people knew about seven bright objects. They name the brightest star after the name of their goddess. Venus is almost the same as Earth in size, mass and gravity. Now as you have travelled to this beautiful planet, you are ready to tell your friends all the facts about this brightest planet in the solar system. We discussed the facts about venus for kids. Now, we know almost everything about the hottest and brightest planet in the solar system. I hope this article will be beneficial for you. Feel free to ask your doubts in the comments.