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Facts About Minerals and Vitamins

Last updated date: 23rd Feb 2024
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Listing the Essential Vitamins and Minerals and Their Importance

Have you ever heard your mother lecturing you about not eating junk food and eating all the vegetables that are present in your house? If so, in this article we will tell you why it is very important that you stop eating junk and start taking in all the green and colourful vegetables available at your house. All these vegetables and freshly made food are what provide you with all the essential vitamins and minerals that are required by your body to function properly.

Vitamins and minerals are used as essential portions of our diet that our body cannot produce by itself and hence have to be taken from an outside source. In this article, we will also discuss various facts about minerals and vitamins, and also know what food source can provide you with what vitamins and minerals.

Various Vitamins and Minerals

Various Vitamins and Minerals

What are Vitamins?

Although our body can fulfil its need itself, it sometimes requires outer sources to get nutrients. For example, our body needs help in getting vitamins from the food that we take. Vitamins are substances that our bodies need to develop and function normally. They include vitamins A, C, D, E, and K, choline, and the B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, and folate/folic acid)

Different food items contain different kinds of essential vitamins and minerals that are essential for different functions in our bodies. Therefore, we need to take in food that is full of different vitamins. There can be various deficiencies in one’s body if they do not take their daily vitamins. So let's start looking at the vitamin information first.

Colourful Vegetables

Colourful Vegetables

Vitamins as an Important Nutrient

Vitamins and minerals are very essential for our body. They are required for proper growth and also support a good and healthy life. Every vitamin in our food has a particular differential function to perform within the body; for instance, vitamin D is helpful for our bones that are acquired from milk. Another example of essential vitamins will be vitamin A which is acquired from vegetables such as carrots and helps us to maintain good eyesight.

Vitamins are broadly divided into two categories: water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.

Fat-soluble Vitamins 

Broadly, when we consume vitamins that are fat soluble, they are stored in the fat tissues or cells in our body or the liver. These vitamins can be stored in the fat tissues for as long as they are not used up by our bodies. There are many examples of vitamins that are fat soluble, for instance vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and Vitamin K are the most common vitamins that are fat soluble in our body.

Water-soluble Vitamins 

The other kind of vitamins are water-soluble vitamins. These are different from fat soluble ones as they are easily dissolved in water. Therefore, they cannot be stored in our body and are removed in wastewater and travel through the bloodstream Therefore, it is very essential to replace water-soluble vitamins again and again. Examples of water-soluble vitamins are vitamin C, the group of B vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin B2, niacin and Vitamin B6, biotin, and B12.

All the above information implies the learning of vitamins as an important nutrient.

Types of Vitamins

Types of Vitamins

What are Minerals?

Our earth is full of various kinds of minerals from rocks to the soil in which we grow plants. The basic building block of different rocks, sand, soils and the salt that we eat are minerals. This implies that minerals can be found anywhere from above to below the ground level. Various minerals have been discovered and identified from our earth; for example, gold, silver, platinum, etc. are the most prominent examples of minerals. Among these, some minerals can be found very commonly around us, for example salt, diamond and talc.

Significance of Minerals

Minerals have various roles in different kinds of plants and animals. For example, we humans need minerals like calcium to maintain our bone strength. This in turn implies that we humans need a particular daily requirement of minerals. All animals including us humans acquire their minerals from either plants or animal products like milk, eggs, etc.

Example of Minerals 

There are many examples of minerals in food; these include:

Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sodium, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium

The body also requires other minerals in trace amounts such as selenium, cobalt and molybdenum. These elements are known to have a specific function in the human body.

Function of Minerals

  • Calcium - Essential for building strong and healthy bones.

  • Chloride - Maintains proper blood volume, blood pressure, and pH of our body fluids.

  • Copper - Formation of red blood cells.

  • Iodine - Promotes the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.

  • Iron - Helps in transporting oxygen to all parts of the body.

Importance of Vitamin and Minerals

By now, you must have understood the fact that vitamins and minerals are very important for the successful functioning of various systems in our body. Therefore, there is a huge importance of vitamins and minerals for all living organisms from humans to plants. It ensures a healthy and nourished body and mind.


To conclude this article, we can say that vitamins and minerals are a very essential source of nutrients for all living creatures. The deficiency of vitamins and minerals can cause various problems to the human body and plant bodies. In this article, we looked at various vitamins and minerals that are essential to the human body and also ways by which they impact our bodies.

FAQs on Facts About Minerals and Vitamins

1. Enumerate the differences between vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins are organic components that are obtained through plants or animal resources, whereas minerals are inorganic components that are extracted from the earth's crust. Vitamins can be directly taken from plants through eating the plant production, whereas minerals have to be first absorbed by the plants and then processed by them and then taken up by humans.

2. List down some facts about minerals and vitamins.

Here are some facts about minerals and vitamins:

  • Since vitamins and minerals are very essential for human bodies, they are called micronutrients.

  • There are only 13 vitamins that are known and essential for us to date.

  • Calcium alone cannot maintain our bone health for this function calcium and phosphorus minerals work together.

3. Which is the most important vitamin for our body?

Through research, it has been proven that vitamin D is the most essential vitamin for our bodies. Vitamin D is the main vitamin or the most crucial nutrient that keeps our bones healthy. It is majorly acquired by sunlight.