Energy is all around us, but how do we transform it? One of the ways that energy is transformed is through what we call a power plant. As electrical energy flows from the plant through the transmission lines to our homes and businesses, it continually undergoes transformation until it reaches its final form as usable electricity. Energy Transformation is a process in which one form of energy is transformed into another. Find out in this article about various instances of the transformation of energy around us and how they are transformed!
What is Transformation of Energy?
An energy transformation is the change of energy from one form to another. Energy transformations occur everywhere every second of the day. There are many different forms of energy such as electrical, thermal, nuclear, mechanical, electromagnetic, sound, and chemical. A coal-fired power plant involves these energy transformations: Chemical energy in the coal is converted into thermal energy in the exhaust gases of combustion. Thermal energy of the exhaust gases converted into thermal energy of steam through heat exchange.
The types of energy can generally be divided into two types - kinetic energy and implicit energy. Movement results in kinetic energy, which is the energy that an object has. Energy is the capability to do work. It's the power that exists far and wide in numerous forms. A major source of energy is light, which is composed of light, chemical, mechanical, nuclear, electrical, and sound components.
Energy is used up! Energy isn't created or destroyed. It just changes into a different form. This is called Energy Transformation. Some energy is stored in batteries.
The Sun is Earth’s primary source of energy. In addition to nuclear energy, solar electromagnetic energy is constantly being converted into light energy. This energy peregrination enters through space.
Engineered Energy Transformations
People have constructed numerous ways to beget energy metamorphoses. For example, people control how electrical energy is formed and where it goes so that it can be changed into light energy.
Coal, Gas, and Water
Electricity Energy Transformation into Heat Energy
Electricity Energy Transformation into Light and Sound Energy
Various Instances of Transformation of Energy Around us
Following are the list of various instances of transformation of energy around us:
Electrical energy is converted into thermal energy by a toaster.
An electric blender converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
Nuclear energy is converted by the Sun into ultraviolet, infrared, and gamma energy, which are all kinds of electromagnetic energy.
To move, our bodies transform chemical energy from food into mechanical and electrical energy.
A natural gas stove turns the chemical energy released after combustion into thermal energy that is utilised to cook food.
So, these are the energy transformation examples in daily life, which we see at our home and neighbour places.
Energy Transformation Worksheet
For the following energy transformation worksheet questions, write an explanation for each energy transformation:
Ans: When you switch on the torch flashlight, the circuit closes. Chemical energy is turned into electrical energy in cells. The electrical energy that travels through the torch bulb is subsequently converted into light energy, and the torch bulb shines.
2. Speaking into a Telephone.
Ans: The sound waves are transported to a diaphragm, a thin metal disc inside the phone, and converted into electrical energy. The electrical energy goes via cables to another phone and is changed back to electrical energy, which can be heard by the person on the other end of the phone!
3. Solar Panel
Ans: Solar technologies use photovoltaic (PV) panels or mirrors to concentrate solar radiation to convert sunlight into electrical energy. This energy can be converted into electricity or stored in batteries or thermal storage.
As solar panels allow for light energy to convert into heat and electrical energy. Imagine you can power a useful machine using energy that's formerly being expended. For example, a cyclist is riding a bike at home for exercise, but the cyclist is also powering a toaster oven. In this illustration, the cyclist is expending energy on the bike, but the moving pedals can also transfer energy to a battery, or by using a pulley system. Use this study trial to imagine how energy can be transferred to produce stir or power a machine. Also, consider how energy can be used to perform useful tasks, with the help of a machine.