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Accounting and Economics

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Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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What is Accounting?

Accountants play a key role in the success of any corporation. Their responsibility is to monitor the organization's cash flow.

Defining Accounts

Defining Accounts

Budgets, costs, and revenues are recorded and evaluated in various ways, and the resulting information is used to create financial records. However, the accuracy of any proposed change or anticipated occurrence on a company's bottom line relies heavily on its efforts.

Books kept by accountants are records of a business or person's financial transactions over a certain period. Conformity with tax laws and reliable financial reporting to investors depend on GAAP accounting standards.

Relevance, timeliness, dependability, comparison, and consistency of data or reports are essential tenets of contemporary accounting. In addition, information may be shared easily since everyone uses the same globally recognised accounting standards.

Publicly traded companies, by way of example, adhere to such norms in their quarterly and yearly financial reports.

What is Economics?

Defining Economics

Defining Economics

In its broadest sense, economics studies how society divides up its resources. Economists work outside the classroom to study and improve the production and distribution of commodities and services.

Governments rely heavily on economists to formulate economic policies and foresee new regulations' effects. They are in high demand in the business and financial sectors due to their ability to analyse and predict market movements. Generally speaking, there are two branches of economics:

  • When studying macroeconomics, one is primarily interested in how resources are dispersed over a more extensive system, such as a country. Inflation and productivity are only two examples of the various economic indicators monitored and analysed as part of this process.

  • The study of isolated economic actors, such as people or companies, constitutes microeconomics. It analyses how people's choices affect the overall balance of power.

Degrees in Accounting vs Economics: Differentiation

Difference between Accounts and Economics

Difference between Accounts and Economics

Both degrees often begin at the same undergraduate level, with students taking courses like fundamentals of the relationship between accounting and finance that provide a solid basis for establishing a career in any profession. However, once students have completed their first year of undergraduate study, there may be a difference between accounting and economics.

Students pursuing an accounting degree will typically take classes in financial reporting, tax law, auditing, business ethics, statistics, financial accounting, and income tax accounting. To broaden their employment prospects, many students majoring in accounting choose to become Certified Public Accountants (CPAs) or Certified Management Accountants (CMAs). Acquiring a master's degree in accounting is also frequent among students who first majored in another area.

It will cover microeconomics, macroeconomics, economic development, environmental economics, and economic policy in the courses required for an economics degree.

Comparing Economics and Accounting

Showing similarity between Accounts and Economics

Showing similarity between Accounts and Economics

Both accountants and economists attempt to manage firms and other institutions like governments. Each group researches and plans for the future based on their findings in various financial reports. Both people make decisions that affect the company's finances and the economy, depending on their personal economic history, current market circumstances, and other factors.

To gain a career as either an accountant or economist demands a particular amount of schooling. A person in any profession should get a bachelor's degree from a college or university before commencing their career. However, people that hire economists typically search for applicants who have a master's level degree or better. Accountants may earn a master's degree if they wish to qualify for more advanced employment.

Accountants and economists need strong analytical, problem-solving, organisational, comprehensive, and interpersonal communication skills to effectively deliver their research findings to others.


Both departments are essential to the smooth operation of the companies. Businesses, industries, and governments all rely on the work of economists and accountants to chart a path forward that will lead to growth and longevity. Due to this, not only do commercial businesses rely heavily on these experts, but so do a wide variety of other groups, including governments, universities, and charities. The capacity to apply specialised knowledge, skills, and expertise to real-world circumstances is essential to delivering both of these professions' services.

FAQs on Accounting and Economics

1. Why pursue a career in Accounting or Economics?

All three fields and the relationship between accounting, finance, and economics explore our mental models related to monetary values. Economics seeks to answer the question, "what's the wider picture when it comes to money?" whereas accounting and finance focus on the cash flow in and out of an organisation. So why go to school for economics, finance, or accounting? Your future self will thank you! Learn these skills, and you'll be set for a lucrative career in fields including business, government, and consulting.

2. What will you learn in Accounting or Economics?

Some of the things you could do while earning your degree are:

  • Stock market trading and data analysis utilising Bloomberg Terminal, Thomson Reuters Eikon, or other similar trading software are covered.

  • Get access to influential figures in the banking business via seminars, internships, and lectures.

  • Get waivers from required tests for accounting certification.

  • Master specialised software packages like Sage.

  • Learn crucial areas, including fiscal audits, tax legislation, and risk management.

  • Case studies utilising actual businesses and hands-on initiatives.

3. What is Economics as a discipline?

Economics studies the production, use, and storage of wealth on a local, national, and global scale. Economists may sometimes examine the inner workings of a corporation. Still, they do so to learn about the nature of organisations rather than to gain insight into how a specific business might spend its resources to maximise profits.

Economists are less likely to create financial statements or advice on how a corporation should spend money and more likely to publish scientific publications and studies on broad issues.