It is quite surprising to know that around 4,000 minerals are available in nature. Especially under the Earth at different geographical locations, different temperatures, etc., every metal is important and its applications. While some minerals are valuable, and some minerals are not valuable. The value will be given to a particular metal based on its application, availability, properties, etc. Every metal has its value beginning from the rock salt to a Kohinoor diamond.
Minerals are substances obtained naturally and are called as such due to some inorganic chemical properties. These inorganic chemical compounds are available in three different states. These states are known as the states of matter. They are - liquids, solids, and gaseous.
Types of Minerals
Based on the composition of a mineral, they are classified into three different types. They are-
The energy minerals are also called fossil fuels. The minerals which provide energy are known as energy minerals. Natural gas, call, petroleum are a few examples of energy minerals.
The minerals which include metals in them are known as metallic minerals. The extraction of minerals can provide these metals. It involves huge processes, and these metallic minerals are highly valuable in their applications. Iron ore, bauxite, etc., are some examples. The metallic minerals are again classified into two subtypes. They are-
Ferrous Minerals: If the metallic minerals contain ironic elements within them, they are known as ferrous minerals.
Non - Ferrous Minerals: If the metallic minerals do not contain any ironic elements, they are said to be non-ferrous minerals.
The minerals which don't comprise any metals are known as nonmetallic minerals. Salt, diamond, mica, etc. are examples.
These are the various types of minerals. Now let see the difference between metallic and nonmetallic minerals in various aspects.
Distinguish Between Metallic and Nonmetallic Minerals
The meaning itself is quite contrasting for metallic and nonmetallic minerals. In other functionalities also, we can observe several differences between metallic and nonmetallic minerals. Let see all the differences between metallic and nonmetallic minerals in detail.
The chemical composition of metallic minerals includes metals. On the other hand, the chemical composition of non-metallic minerals doesn't include any metals.
The appearance of metallic minerals is lustrous. Whereas the appearance of non-metallic minerals is not lustrous.
Igneous rocks and metamorphic rocks are the sources of metallic compounds. The sedimentary rocks are the sources of non-metallic minerals.
The metallic minerals are ductile while the non-metallic minerals are not ductile.
Metallic minerals produce other metals during the melting process. The non-metallic minerals may not produce any metals even in the melting process.
Aluminium, iron ore, gold, silver, etc., are examples of metallic minerals. On the other hand, salt, diamond, potash, etc., are examples of non-metallic minerals.
The metallic minerals are available in a solid-state only. But in contrast, the non-metallic minerals are available in all three states of matter.
These are the differences between metallic minerals and nonmetallic minerals. Students can understand more about metallic and non-metallic minerals by observing their properties and applications.
Hence, minerals are the precious gifts given by nature to mankind. Every type of mineral has its significance. The value of the mineral depends on the availability, applications, properties, etc. As we have seen, there are three different types of minerals - energy minerals, metallic and non-metallic minerals. However, metallic and non-metallic minerals have several similarities and dissimilarities. The differences between metallic and nonmetallic minerals have been explained clearly. So students need to understand and observe the type, property of a mineral to utilize them more effectively.