Humans mine the Earth for a variety of elements. Metal ores, coal, oil, sand, etc. are a few examples. Minerals are particularly specified for the concept as spontaneously forming inorganic compounds that are discovered in solid form. The chemical composition, formulas, and crystalline formations of minerals are all clearly characterised. The physical characteristics of various minerals, like colour, density, crystalline structure, toughness, etc., vary. Compared to certain other minerals, particular minerals can be discovered in greater quantities.
For instance, silica might be regarded as the mineral that is most prevalent in the crust of the globe. Additionally, the availability may differ from one place to another. The key categories of related minerals have indeed been determined, and a categorization of these minerals has been created. They can be separated into metallic and non-metallic minerals, as well as iron ores, based on their mineral and molecular composition. So, this article specifically focused on the difference between metallic and non-metallic minerals.
What are Metallic and Non-Metallic Minerals?
Metallic minerals are those created when different metals combine using additional elements to form new substances. Metallic minerals are those that have a certain composition and comprise one or more types of metals. These minerals often exhibit physical traits, like shine, that are comparable to those of metals.
These minerals typically possess non-metallic structural characteristics because they don't comprise any metals. Non-metallic minerals are nonetheless extremely useful to humanity even if we can obtain metals from them. They are utilised to create coatings and insulating materials in a variety of applications.
Properties of Metallic and Non-Metallic Minerals
Metallic minerals are excellent conductors of electricity and heat and naturally exist as mineral formations. They are malleable and ductile, which means that they may be divided into layers and pulled into wires, accordingly. They are created by the continual solidification of magma or lava and the warming and cooling of rock layers.
They are intricate and possess a glossy exterior. They can be utilised to create jewellery because of this feature. They are also utilised for a variety of commercial processes, including the production of semiconductors, chips, etc.
Non-metallic minerals are not ductile, shiny, and non-malleable like metallic minerals. Non-metallic minerals are employed in the manufacture of fertiliser and cement. Sedimentary rocks, which are created by the accumulation of many different types of rock fragments, minerals, and organic remnants, are responsible for their formation.
Examples of Metallic and Non-Metallic Minerals
Gold, iron, copper, bauxite, manganese, etc. are some examples of metallic minerals. The computer sector relies on silicon derived from quartz, while the bottling and automotive industries both utilise aluminium derived from bauxite.
A list of metallic minerals can be oxides, sulphides, carbonates, halides, etc. based on their chemical makeup. However, certain metallic minerals, like gold, can also be discovered in their purest states. Since iron is among the more widely utilised metals on Planet, both ferrous and non-ferrous minerals may also be classified as metallic minerals. Non-ferrous minerals don't contain iron, whereas ferrous minerals do.
Examples of non-metallic minerals include granite, coal, phosphate, gypsum, mica, limestone, and salt. Among the most prevalent non-metallic minerals, silica is utilised in architecture. In thermal energy plants, coal is utilised to generate heat, which in return generates electricity. Rare mineral diamonds are utilised as a gemstone in jewellery.
Difference Between Metallic and Non-Metallic Minerals
Certain minerals are precious since they are utilised in a variety of industries, while others are precious due to their beauty, uniqueness, and toughness.
Earth contains more than 4000 spontaneously existing minerals.
Minerals called silicates comprise approximately over 90% of the earth's crust.
The chemical and physical characteristics of the metallic minerals found on the Pacific Ocean's bottom vary greatly. The presence of Cu and Co in these deposits makes them a significant supplier of raw materials.
Key Features to Remember
Minerals classified as metallic contain metal elements in their unprocessed state.
Minerals classified as non-metallic are empty of any metal components.
It's important to keep in mind that minerals and rocks aren't the same.
A certain chemical composition that is constant throughout a mineral characterises it. Whereas the composition of rocks varies and they are made up of various minerals.