CBSE Civics Class 7 Chapter 3 How the State Government Works – Download Free PDFs with Solutions
Civics is an integral part of the overall syllabus of Class 7. Possessing a firm grasp on Civics is essential for young minds to become politically aware citizens in the future. The 3rd chapter of the Class 7 SST book is titled ‘How the Government Works.’ The chapter examines in detail the functioning of the state government, and its various machineries, the role of the Members of Legislative Assemblies, how common citizens express their discontent in a democracy like India, and likewise.
It begins by asking the question who is an MLA and goes on to explain that an MLA is an elected representative of the people from a constituency, who then becomes a member of the State Legislative Assembly. Thereafter, the chapter provides a detailed explanation on how MLAs are elected, the criteria to garner majority, and much more. Consequently, students also learn about debates within Legislative Assemblies, the role of the Chief Minister, and so forth.
Civics is the entry point of young minds into the much-wide discipline that we know as Political Science. The subject is incredibly vital not only for academic purposes but also to understand one’s rights and responsibilities as a citizen of democratic India. However, the terms and concepts of Civics are challenging, and students may find difficulties in the learning process. As such, some additional handholding goes a long way. Parents and teachers coupled with the students themselves should go the extra mile to incorporate additional study materials and not simply stick to NCERT books and exercises.
Access Worksheet for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 3 - How the State Government Works
1. What is an MLA and who do they represent?
2. What is a constituency? Which state has the maximum number of constituencies?
3. Which political party can be said to be in a majority?
4. Who is a Governor and what kind of work does he perform?
5. What is a legislature?
6. What are the various departments through which the State Government works?
7. Fill in the blanks:
_________ is the executive head of the State.
The first citizen of India is ___________.
Members of the Legislative Assembly are elected by ______.
8. Where is the work of government discussed other than the legislature?
9. How do the Chief Minister and its cabinet perform their work?
10. What do you mean by coalition government?
11. Name some political parties of India.
12. State True or False:
The Central Government appoints the Governor.
Parliament makes laws for the entire country.
Telangana became the 25th state of India.
The Chief Minister is the head of the Country.
13. What are the three branches of Government?
14. Who has the power of dissolving the State Government?
15. Who is responsible for medical services?
16. Can people express their opinion and views through the media?
17. Choose one correct option:
Who elects the members of the Legislative Assembly?
Citizens above 18 years of age
18. What is an opposition party?
19. How many states are there in India?
20. How many constituencies are there in India?
21. How do people elect their representatives and where do they derive their rights from?
22. Indian National Congress is a __________.
23. Which political party is running the government?
24. Which States have a State Legislative Council?
25. Name the latest State of India.
Answers for Worksheets
1.Legislative Assembly’s members are called as a MLA. The members of the Legislative Assembly are elected by the people. They represent people who elected them in the assembly.
2. Every state in India is divided into different areas for the purpose of election called constituencies. Uttar Pradesh has the maximum number of constituencies in India.
3. A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority.
4. The State’s head is the Governor. He/She is appointed by the Central Government. The Governor works within the rules and regulations of the Constitution.
5. All the MLAs who gather together in the legislative assembly are called the legislature.
6. The Public Work Department, the Agricultural Department, the Education Department and the Health Department are some of the departments through which the State Government works with its ministries.
8. There are various places where the work of government is discussed other than the Legislature. Newspapers, magazines and televisions are some of the organisations where the work of government is discussed. Press Conference is another way through which different forms of opinions are discussed and expressed. Reporters ask questions to ministers about the working of the government in the press conferences. In a democratic country like India, people express their opinion on the working of the government in many ways.
9. The Chief Minister and its Cabinet make laws on the required area in the interest of the people. They also conduct press conferences through which they take up the questions of people. They are answerable to people and work for them. They also have various departments for public work, agriculture, health, etc. for proper allocation of work.
10. Coalition Government is when a ruling party is a group of parties working together.
11. Bharatiya Janata Party, Indian National Congress, Aam Aadmi Party and Communist Party of India are some of the political parties of India.
13. Legislature, Executive and Judiciary are the three branches of Government.
14. The Governor has the power to dissolve the State Government.
15. Health Department
17. (c) Citizens above 18 years of age
18. The Opposition Party is the political party which is not the ruling party.
19. 28 States
20. 543 Constituencies
21. People elect their representatives by voting. They go to a nearby polling booth and vote for the right candidate. Right to Vote is a constitutional right provided to us by the Constitution of India.
22. Political Party
23. Bharatiya Janata Party
24. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh
25. Telangana is the 29th state of India
Importance of Studying the Class 7 Civics Chapter 3
As the name suggests, the How the Government Works Civics chapter tours students through the various nitty-gritty of state government operations.
The chapter helps young minds understand the foundations of Indian democracy – that is the state government.
It teaches students how to be good citizens of a state.
The various concepts and information in How the State Government Works Class 7 chapter hold importance for competitive exams like SSC and UPSC, which students might sit for in the future.
The case study of Patalpuram enables young minds to grasp the grassroots reality of India, and how they can make a change by using their freedom of speech.
Examples of How the Government Works Class 7
1. Match the Following.
Himachal Pradesh i) When one political party wins more than half the votes in an election
Majority ii) 68 assembly constituencies
MLA iii) Elected representatives who are not a member of the ruling party
Opposition iv) An elected representative of people from a constituency
It is important to include interesting exercises like the one given above on How the State Government Works Class 7 PDFs to make the learning process more fun for students.
Important Topics of Class 7 Civics Chapter 7
All the exercises on How the State Government Works class 7 worksheets cover the following topics:
Who is an MLA
How do MLAs become Chief Ministers
The Debate in Legislative Assembly
Working of the State Government
What Does the How the State Government Works Class 7 PDFs Consist of?
Learning Civics is now sorted with Vedantu's SST PDFs. Designed by adept, experienced, and reliable subject matter experts of the Vedantu, How the State Government Works Class 7 PDFs simplify the different concepts of the chapter and help students gain good marks. The PDFs include How the State Government Works Class 7 Extra Questions, interesting facts, sample paper, and much more so that learning does not stop at NCERT textbooks for inquisitive minds.
The PDFs are supported both in mobile phone format and web browser.
They offer a seamless learning experience.
The PDFs make the different concepts of Civics easy.
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