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Learn English Grammar for Class 10 with Solved Exercises

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VSAT 2023

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Class 10 is one of the most crucial stages of a student’s life as they begin gearing up for the upcoming board examinations. However, the vitality of the stage also comes with a lot of stress and pressure, as students have to engage in in-depth learning of multiple subjects, such as mathematics, science, social studies, and English grammar. More often than not, students take English grammar for granted, deeming it easy, unimportant, or manageable, a move that results in a last-minute panic. However, it is noteworthy to remember that grammar is a fundamental part of language studies at the senior secondary level, and its significance never ceases to exist. As such, mastering English grammar for Class 10 students is indispensable.


In today’s day and age, it is not enough to simply stick to NCERT textbooks and exercises. Young minds should go the extra mile by learning from ancillary study material and studying ahead of the curve. The English grammar syllabus is all-encompassing and includes an assortment of topics such as tenses, modals, determiners, etc. 

Last updated date: 27th Sep 2023
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English Grammar for Class 10 Download Free PDF

Grammar which is the soul of every language, it is necessary to learn about it. In today's lesson, we will learn about English grammar which is included in our class 10 syllabus. We will take the overview of most important topics of English Grammar for class 10 as well as integrated grammar. We will also see practice questions and some demo questions in this lesson. So, let's start the amazing journey of grammar.


Introduction to Grammar

Resource Material

There are eight major components of English grammar covered in the class 10 syllabus. Those are used in sentence formation and also for understanding. They are:

  • Tenses

  • Modals

  • Active and passive voice

  • Clauses

  • Determiners

  • Prepositions


The form of the verb determines the time at which the indicated action has taken place. In the tenses, we determine the time by the form of the verb. The below sentences can give you an idea about the form of the verb and the time.

  • Sunita studies maths.

  • Sunita studied maths yesterday.

  • Sunita will study maths.

In the above sentences, the words studies, studied, and will study indicate the time of action as the present, past, and future respectively. These three are the main tenses in the English language. 

Remember that time is not tense; actually tense is the indication of the time in which the action has taken place. Tense is the subpart of the time. 

The different forms of the same verb with its respective tenses are given below in the table:












Will Begin




Will/Shall Do


Modals are like helpers which are used to indicate the obligation, modality, permission, skill, etc.

They are auxiliary verbs and are often used with other verbs. We cannot use the modal verbs alone; they are always used with other words. The examples of modal verbs are can, could, should, shall, will, must, might, may, need, dare, etc. The opposite of these modal verbs are negative modals which are can’t, couldn’t, shouldn’t, mustn’t, will not, needn’t, etc.


  • She can do that.

  • You may go wherever you want.

Active and Passive Voice

Before learning about active and passive voice, let’s first learn about voice. So, the form of changing or transformative verbs which are used to indicate the subject of the sentence is the doer or the action done on the subject is a voice.  In active voice, the subject does the actions on the object which means the subject is the doer. While in the passive voice the subject is acted upon by the action or verb.

Examples of active voice and passive voice are

  • Neeta wrote the essay. (Active voice)

  • The essay was written by Neeta. (Passive voice)


A combination of verb and subject that gives the initial idea about the sentence. There are three types of clauses:

  • Noun Clause: In this type, the clause acts as a noun and it cannot be used alone because it needs another part of the sentence for better understanding.

            Eg. I did what you told me yesterday.

  • Adverbial Clause: The clause which acts as the adverb in the statement are adverbial clause.

            Eg. After the class ended, she collected our homework.

  • Relative Clause: The clauses which are used to join two or more sentences to form a sentence are called relative clauses.

            Eg. I bought a new laptop. It is costly. 

The above sentence changed as: I bought a new laptop that is very expensive.


The words which are used before the things or person to indicate them are called determiners. 

Examples of determiners are all, some, many, this, that, those, what, which, next, last, first, etc.

The determiners used in the sentences are as

  • She is a very beautiful girl.

  • I have some concerns about them.


The words which are used before the noun to indicate the relationship between the noun and the other things are called prepositions. The commonly used prepositions are in, on, above, below, near, between, behind, beside, under, in front of, etc. Example:

  • The table is behind the cupboard.

  • The bookstore is in front of the bus stop.

Integrated Grammar

In integrated grammar, we will see the variety of ways or question types that are asked in the exams based on grammar.

Gap Filling

In the gap-filling type of questions, you have to fill the gaps by choosing proper words. 

Eg. I am a____ fan of MSD. He is the ___ cricket player in the world.





Answer: I am a big fan of MSD. He is the best cricket player in the world.


In the omission type of question, we have to identify the word which is omitted in the sentence.

For Example:

I might can be able to help you.

In the above sentence Can should be removed. And the sentence should read: I might be able to help.

Sentence Reordering:

In sentence reordering, you have to make meaningful sentences by using the given words.

For example:

Rearrange the provided words to make a meaningful sentence:


I love my mother very much.

Difficult Word Meanings:




Collection of things that have been combined




The act of neglecting or removing something



Practice Questions

  1. Change the active voice to passive voice:

  • They played basketball. 

  • She did not help me.

  1. Fill the blanks with suitable determiners.

  • He always comes ______ in the class. 

  • I have ______ issues with my laptop.

  1. Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence.

  • Inside/grandeur/the palace hall/it was/all

  • Animal/matters/our vision/a world/should be/where/welfare

  1. Omit the unnecessary words from the sentences.

  • I don’t care how much a expensive that laptop is. I am going to buy it.

  • Do not behave a in such a rude manner.

  1. Fill in the blanks

  • You ______ do it.(Can/ may)

  • If you ask her, she ______ definitely help you.( Will/ shall)


1. Change the active voice to passive voice:

  • The basketball was played by them.

  • I was not helped by her.

2. Fill the blanks with suitable determiners.

  • He always comes first in the class. 

  • I have some issues with my laptop.

3. Rearrange the words to make a meaningful sentence.

  • It was all grandeur inside the palace hall.

  • Our vision should be a world where animal welfare matters.

4. Omit the unnecessary words from the sentences.

  • I don’t care how expensive that laptop is. I am going to buy it.

  • Do not behave in such a rude manner. 

5. Fill in the blanks

  • You can do it.

  • If you ask her, she will definitely help you.

Importance of Learning English Grammar for Class 10 Students 

Mastering English grammar is the stepping-stone toward long-term academic success for students in their board examinations.

  • The primary importance of learning English grammar for Class 10 students is that it brings fluency to a student’s linguistic skills, and makes it easier to communicate within personal, social, academic, and professional circles.

  • Learning English grammar helps a student gain confidence, and shine bright in a crowd of potential candidates.

  • Having good knowledge of English grammar increases the chances of professional and academic success, as students are more likely to communicate better in interviews, group discussions, etc.

  • Lastly, English grammar plays an important role in determining a student’s candidacy in higher educational institutions, especially international universities and colleges. 

Important Topics of English Grammar Syllabus for Class 10 Students

  • Tenses – They refer to the state or time of a verb or action. 

  • Modals – They are helping verbs incorporated in a sentence to depict ability, possibility permission, or obligation. Some of the common modals are – ‘can,’ ‘could,’ ‘shall,’ ‘would,’ and so forth.

  • Use of Passive Voice – It is used when we want to shift the emphasis or focus of a statement on the action or the verb rather than the subject or noun.

  • Subject-verb Concord – It is a part of the English grammar syllabus for Class 10 students that facilitates the creation of meaningful sentences.

  • Reporting – It is done when a speech of ours or some other person is represented. Three types of reporting speeches are important for Class 10 students: Commands and Requests, Statements, and Questions.

  • Clauses – They are a group of words with a subject and a verb. Every sentence in the English language contains at least one clause. The students of Class 10 have to focus on three types of clauses, namely – the Noun Clause, Adverb Clause, and Relative Clause.

  • Determiners – They are words that precede a noun or adjective to clarify what the noun is referring to.

  • Prepositions – They are words that we put before a noun, pronoun, etc., to show their relation with other nouns or pronouns in a sentence. We utilise prepositions in relation to time, place, direction, means, position, and likewise. 

All the exercises on English grammar syllabus for Class 10 students should cover the topics stated above. 

Key Features of  Vedantu’s Class 10 English Grammar PDFs

Meticulously designed by the subject matter experts of Vedantu, the English grammar PDFs for Class 10 students is a warehouse of knowledge. They encapsulate all the topics within the CBSE NCERT Class 10 English grammar syllabus and include study materials such as revision tests, sample papers, notes, and much more. 

  • The PDFs of Vedantu are downloadable from the comfort of your homes

  • They are free to use and you can take a printout and study or revise it later.

  • The English grammar syllabus for Class 10 students is regularly updated by Vedantu’s subject matter experts. Solved exercise questions are provided to help students enhance their knowledge of the topics.

These PDFs are crucial for your class 10 english grammar preparation. Top educators at Vedantu has paved the way for fun and easy learning of English grammar with detailed solutions.


In this chapter, we have taken an overview of the grammar of class 10. We learned about different important topics like tenses, reported speech, modals, voice, subject-verb concord, prepositions, and determiners. We also saw the examples of each of these and some practice questions. 

FAQs on Learn English Grammar for Class 10 with Solved Exercises

1. What are the types of exercises important in Class 10 English grammar?

Some of the important exercises in Class 10 English grammar include editing, gap filling, sentence reordering, omission, etc.

2. What is ‘voice’ in English grammar?

In English grammar, voice is that form of the transitive verb that illustrates whether or not the subject of the sentence is the doer of the action or the receiver of the action.

3. What is an adverbial clause?

An adverbial clause is a group of words that together function as an adverb. For example: My dog started chasing my car once he saw it turn the corner.