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Lakhmir Singh Physics Class 10 Solutions Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Last updated date: 21st May 2024
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Overview of Lakhmir Singh Physics Class 10 Solutions Chapter 2

The 'Magnetic Effects of Electric Current' section provides a comprehensive and comprehensive view of the entire subject. Every student will get a clear picture of each topic covered under each chapter so that they can have a firm understanding of the topic. The ability to hold a strong command over the topic is honestly a must to pass the Class 10 Science examination. 

Magnets and their properties are discussed in Magnetic Effects of Electric Current. 

Among the topics discussed in this chapter is the definition of a magnet - A magnet is an object that attracts other materials like iron, cobalt, and nickel. One of the naturally occurring magnets is the lodestone. Magnets are found in many electronic devices, including refrigerators, radios, stereo speakers, children's toys, computers, and electric wires.

Sections of Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

2.1 Magnetic Field and Field Lines

2.2 Magnetic Field Due to a Current-Carrying Conductor

2.2.1 Magnetic Field due to a Current through a Straight Conductor

2.2.2 Right-Hand Thumb Rule

2.2.3 Magnetic Field due to a Current through a Circular Loop

2.2.4 Magnetic Field due to a Current in a Solenoid

2.3 Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field

2.4 Electric Motor

2.5 Electromagnetic Induction

2.6 Electric Generator

2.7 Domestic Electric Circuits

List of Exercises in Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Practical Activity 2.1

Exercise 2.1 - 1 question

Practical Activity 2.2

Practical Activity 2.3

Practical Activity 2.4

Practical Activity 2.5

Exercise 2.2 - 3 questions

Practical Activity 2.6

Exercise 2.3 – 3 questions

Practical Activity 2.7

Exercise 2.4 – 3 questions

Exercise 2.5 – 3 questions

Practical Activity 2.8

Practical Activity 2.9

Exercise 2.6 – 1 question

Exercise 2.7 – 4 questions

Exercise 2.8 – 3 questions

Exercise 2.9 – 18 questions

FAQs on Lakhmir Singh Physics Class 10 Solutions Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

1. What is a Magnetic Field?

Magnetic fields and their effect on behavior are often discussed with respect to magnetization and adiabatic compression.

But here’s an alternative view: what if the fact that we feel the magnetic field is a complex psychophysical effect that depends on the sensitivity of our nervous system to its present-moment “signal”, and that the effect of the magnetic field is a complex one.

Let’s examine this situation. Let’s suppose the total magnetic field the earth currently experiences is about 5+ x 108 Gauss – the same as the Earth’s field at the North Pole. But let’s suppose that you are hanging vertically in a magnetic field of 5 Gauss (say at 60°), and the bottom half of your body is freezing. The lower half of your body will be “cold”, and the upper half will feel warm.

2. What happens to the deflection of the compass needle placed at a given point if the current in the copper wire is changed? 

The electron microscopes have made it possible to make many times larger and very high-resolution images of such copper coils and to observe the effect on the electric field of the current.

In particular, they have shown that the current through a single copper coil moves the conduction electrons, corresponding to the "north" direction in a compass needle, into the opposite direction, and that the current does not induce any deflection in the needle. However, they have not yet been able to calculate the absolute velocity of the compass needle as a function of the current in the copper wire.

Now, he discovered that by placing a large cassette and recording the change in the signal interference between the magnetic field produced by each coil and that generated by the constant current and the pulsed magnetic field, a three-dimensional picture of the magnetization in the coil could be obtained. This implies that for each magnetic field the electric current, which in turn is proportional to the current in the coil, changes the direction of the field, therefore the acceleration of the electric current as a function of the magnetic field also changes the direction of the pulse of the magnetic field, which therefore gives rise to the resulting magnetization. 

3. Why don’t two magnetic lines of force intersect each other?

Imagine a place where two lines of force come in close contact. The lines are not magnets but the force of the two lines forces each to pass over the other line. When the two lines intersect, this is called the “magnetic dip”, which can be felt if you try.

For example, let the two lines of force be from north and south. As you push north, you are pulling down on the south to point it east. As you push south, you pull up on the north to point it west. That is how you get the dip. This sort of dip is extremely common. In the recent past, magnetic lines of force were everywhere in the earth’s atmosphere, producing auroras.

4. What is Oersted’s experiment?

Oersted’s experiment was to try and send a strong electrical current through a conducting crystal of sodium and look at how the charged particles inside reacted. To do so, he put sodium in a sealed glass tube and then surrounded the tube with a piece of iron. He then flipped the iron around (rotating it 120°) and slammed it onto the glass tube where it discharged the sodium. Now this “electrode” did not actually pass through the entire length of the tube as it does in current theories. Instead, it only penetrated a small portion of the tube. To account for this small pass-through, Oersted put a piece of heavy iron on the end of the electrode. When this piece of iron hit the inside of the tube, it pushed the electrically charged particles up the rest of the tube in one direction while pushing the negatively charged particles down the rest of the tube in the other.

In his experiment, Oersted had a tube of light, a piece of metal, and a piece of glass with a clear surface on it. The light was heated by the sun during the day and the piece of metal was protected from the sun by a piece of black glass. When the whole apparatus was closed, Oersted could look inside and see the reactions of the particles, and he could measure the voltage which passed through the tube.

5. What are the topics covered in Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current of the Lakhmir Singh Physics Class 10 Solutions? 

Chapter 2 - Magnetic Effects of Electric Current begins with an introduction to magnets and their characteristic features. Then you will learn about magnetic fields and field lines. Students will further learn about the Right Thumb Rule, Electric Motor, Electromagnetic Induction, Electric Generator, and Domestic Electric Circuits. You can find everything you need on the Vedantu app or website.  All you need to do is sign up on the Vedantu website or the Vedantu app and download free study materials.