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# RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Chapter 32 - Statistics (Ex 32.4) Exercise 32.4 - Free PDF

Last updated date: 11th Sep 2024
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## Vedantu’s RD Sharma Free PDF For Class 11 Solutions Available

Statistics is the way of summarizing in brief; the way to know and measure. You know a few things about any item or object; like the temperature of the air is 70 degrees Celsius, it can be measured through a thermometer; you can also know about a person; you can know the height of the person, weight, age of the person, income and all that.

From the above definition, we can understand what Statistics is. It is the process of analyzing and recording information to understand how it affects the decisions that we make and how we choose to live our life. It is a science that studies and looks for patterns, to find connections, relationships and trends among things. Statistics can be a bit daunting, so here are some points to help you to understand the subject better.

Competitive Exams after 12th Science

## Statistical Terms and Definitions

Before starting, we will take a look at some basic terms and definitions that are mostly used in statistics and to understand the subject better.

• Data: Data can be anything that is collected or observed. It can be information collected from the observations of a particular set of objects. It includes both tangible and intangible things.

Example: The data is the source of information that is collected and analyzed. It is information that shows us about our world. The data we have in our minds, the experiences that we have, the books we read, the conversations that we hear, the things we see, everything is our data.

• Records: Records are considered as the list of collected data or information that is recorded on a particular topic or subject. It includes data about all the facts about a particular thing. It is important to know that every record contains several pieces of data.

Example: An internet history is a record of what has happened on the internet.

• Variables: Variables are the elements that we will use to measure. It can be an answer that we want to get and the variables that will be used to solve the problem.

Example: The total population of the world is the variable that we will use to find out how many people are left in the world.

• Variance: The variance is the variation or the difference in the values of the variable. The value of the difference in one variable and its average. The higher the variance, the higher the variation in that set of values.

Example: When we take the average of 3 numbers then the difference is between 2 and 3. If we multiply the numbers then it is the number in the last row minus the number in the first row.

• Standard Deviation: The standard deviation is a measure of the standard of the variation that exists in the data set.

Example: If there are 50 data in our set, then we will use the average of the set as a mean and we will find the standard deviation using the average of the set.

• Normal Distribution: It is one of the five common distributions of continuous data. The Normal Distribution has a bell-like shape with most of its data on one side. There are two peaks of the distribution. The peak at the mean is most of the data points. The peak at the mean is not symmetrical. The variance of the distribution is 1.0.

Example: If we want to find out the number of people in the group, then the mean of this group is 100 people and the standard deviation is 10 people. This means that most of the people are concentrated at the right side of the bell-like distribution. The mean will be approximately a value of 60 people.

• Percentiles: The percentiles are numerical values that are associated with points in the distribution. These points are chosen to represent the distribution.

Example: There are four numbers which have an average of 15. Suppose that these numbers are 15, 17, 20, and 30. Then these are the percentiles.

• InterQuartile Range: The InterQuartile Range is the difference between the 25th percentile and the 75th percentile. It is equal to the 75th percentile - 25th percentile. If the IQR is 0, then the 25th and 75th percentiles are equal.

Example: Given the average of the four numbers is 15 and suppose the 25th percentile is 10 and the 75th percentile is 20, then the IQR is 15 - 10 = 5 and the InterQuartile Range is 75th percentile - 25th percentile = 5. The difference between the 75th percentile and the 25th percentile is 50%.

• Variance: The variance is a mathematical measure of how much one measurement varies from the average.

Example: If we assume that the standard deviation of four numbers are 10, 5, 4, and 3, then the variance will be

• Skewness: Skewness is the measure of the shape of the distribution.

Example: The skewness of a distribution is equal to (Median - Average) / Standard Deviation. Suppose we have two groups of 30 numbers. One group consists of numbers from 5 to 30 and the other group consists of numbers from 20 to 30. The average of the first group is equal to 15 and the average of the second group is equal to 25. The median of the first group is 15 and the median of the second group is 25. The standard deviation of the first group is equal to 5. The standard deviation of the second group is equal to 2. Then the skewness of the first group of 30 numbers is (15 - 15) / (5) = 0 and the skewness of the second group of 30 numbers is (25 - 15) / (2) = 10. The skewness of the first group of 30 numbers is less than 0 and the skewness of the second group of 30 numbers is greater than 0.

Free PDF download of RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Chapter 32 - Statistics Exercise 32.4 solved by Expert Mathematics Teachers on Vedantu. All Chapter 32 - Statistics Ex 32.4 Questions with Solutions for RD Sharma Class 11 Maths to help you to revise the complete Syllabus and Score More marks. Register for online coaching for IIT JEE (Mains & Advanced) and other engineering entrance exams.

## FAQs on RD Sharma Class 11 Solutions Chapter 32 - Statistics (Ex 32.4) Exercise 32.4 - Free PDF

1. What are the primary topics in Statistics?

Data is everywhere around us, the whole task is to make it usable. For this purpose students of class 11 have a chapter in their mathematics syllabus. The initial topics one should know in the chapter statistics are the Collection of data and its organization. The collection is the process of gathering and measuring information on diverse topics. The second step in the study related to data is an organization of data which is all about categorizing and classifying data to make it more usable.

2. Why should students learn Statistics?

Students of class 11 enter into their higher secondary education which gives them an idea about various subjects which can be pursued in their further education as well for research purposes. Therefore Statistics is included in their curriculum to let them know about the basics of statistics. Statistics is such a subject that is used everywhere, for instance, CGPA is an example. Hence students should know the basics of this chapter which is used in day to day life.

3. Where can I find solutions for class 11 Statistics?

Statistics is a chapter in class 11 is a chapter primarily focused on the collection of data, organizing, presentation and interpretation of it to make it understandable. Vedantu is a platform that aims at making students well prepared for the final exams and therefore it provides answers to all the questions of previous year question papers obtained from expert teachers in the subject which can be downloaded either through the app or website.

4. How to score well in class 11 Statistics?

Students face little confusion in Statistics as this chapter is primarily focused on collecting, organizing, presenting and interpreting data to make it understandable due to the similar formulas. So, students need to pay attention to the minute differences in using the formulas and solving the problems. This can be done effectively if planned daily with proper notes. At Vedantu, we provide students with adequate study material and notes which helps them grasp and retain the concepts for a longer period. To find notes, visit the Vedantu app or website.

5. Where can I find notes for class 11 Statistics?

Statistics is a very interesting and important chapter in the class 11 curriculum which the majority of students enjoy doing. Also, it has a lot of practical applications that become one of the reasons to score well in this chapter. Students. At Vedantu, we provide students with adequate study material and notes which makes it not only easier but also interesting to the students and helps them grasp and retain the concepts for a longer period of time. To find notes, visit the Vedantu app or website.