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When your car takes a sudden turn, you are thrown towards the outer side. Which law explains this process?
A. Newton’s third law
B. Newton’s second law
C. Newton’s first law
D. Law of gravitation

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: All the processes given in the option are given by Newton. There are three laws of motion known as Newton’s law of motion. These laws give a relationship between the forces acting on a particle and the changes that occur due to this force. These laws also consider the motion of the object or the particle. Newton’s law of gravitation is about the gravitational force of attraction between two particles or objects.

Complete answer:
According to Newton’s third law, for every action or force there is an equal and opposite reaction in nature. When an object X exerts force on the other object Y, the object Y also exerts force on the object X. This exerted force by the object Y is same in magnitude but opposite in direction to the force exerted by object X.
According to Newton’s second law, the acceleration of a body produced by the net force is proportional to the magnitude of the net force and inversely proportional to the mass of an object. The direction of acceleration of the body is the same as that of the net force.
According to Newton’s first law, a body at rest will continue to remain in rest unless an external force is acted upon it. In this case, our body is at rest but when the car takes a sudden turn external force acts on our body. This external force is in the form of a centrifugal force. Our body tries to maintain the current state so we are thrown outside the car.
According to the law of gravitation, every particle in the universe attracts any other particle with a force directly proportional to the product of both the masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

So, the correct answer is “Option C”.

Note:
Newton’s first law of motion predicts the behavior of only those objects for which all the existing forces are balanced. While Newton’s second law predicts the behavior of only those objects for which all the existing forces are unbalanced. As per Newton, an object will only accelerate if it has unbalanced force acting upon it. Newton’s law of gravitation is applied only to the objects which have mass This law is not applicable when any of the objects is too massive.