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Write the molecular formula for the following compounds and name the elements present in Nitric acid.

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Last updated date: 25th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint :The chemical symbols for the constituent elements are accompanied by numeric subscripts defining the number of atoms of each element found in the molecule in a molecular formula. The empirical formula describes the compound's simplest whole-integer atom ratio.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
The chemical symbols for the constituent elements are accompanied by numeric subscripts defining the number of atoms of each element found in the molecule in a molecular formula. The empirical formula describes the compound's simplest whole-integer atom ratio.
Nitric acid ($HNO_3$) is a highly corrosive mineral acid also known as aqua fortis (strong water) and spirit of niter. The pure compound is colourless, but decomposition into nitrogen oxides and water causes older samples to turn yellow. In water, the majority of commercially available nitric acid has a concentration of 68 percent. Fumigating nitric acid is described as a solution that contains more than 86 percent $HNO_3$. Fumigating nitric acid is classified as red fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 86 percent, or white fuming nitric acid at concentrations above 95 percent, depending on the amount of nitrogen dioxide present.
Nitric acid is a nitrogen oxoacid with the formula $HNO_3$, in which the nitrogen atom is bound to a hydroxyl group and the remaining two oxygen atoms by identical bonds. It acts as a protic solvent as well as a reagent. It is a nitrate conjugate acid.
To conclude,
Molecular formula of Nitric acid = $HNO_3$
Elements in Nitric Acid = H, N, O.

Note :
Nitric acid is a nitrogen oxoacid with the formula $HNO_3$, in which the nitrogen atom is bound to a hydroxyl group and the remaining two oxygen atoms by identical bonds. It acts as a protic solvent as well as a reagent. It is a nitrate conjugate acid.