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Last updated date: 05th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Write the balanced reaction between $N{a_2}O $ and $C{O_2} $.

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Hint :A chemical reaction in which an acid and a base react quantitatively with each other is known as neutralisation or neutralisation. In a water reaction, neutralisation ensures that there are no excess hydrogen or hydroxide ions in the solution.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
Sodium carbonate is formed when sodium oxide reacts with carbon dioxide. At a temperature of 450-550°C, this reaction takes place.
  $N{a_2}O + C{O_2} \to N{a_2}C{O_3} $
  $N{a_2}O $, known as sodium oxide, is a white solid powder. It acts as a base in the reaction. Whereas, $C{O_2} $ is an acid, which is a colourless and odourless gas. Hence, it forms an acid base reaction that is a neutralization reaction.
The final product produced that is Sodium carbonate is an inorganic compound containing a number of different hydrates. Almost all of the forms are water-soluble, white, odourless salts that produce mildly alkaline solutions in water. It was traditionally made from the ashes of plants that grew in sodium-rich soils.

Note :
Detergents, soaps, and paper are also made from it. Water glass (sodium silicate), borax, sodium phosphate, and a variety of other sodium compounds are also made from it. It is used as a water softener – carbonate precipitates hard water, which contains magnesium and calcium ions. We may also use it as an antacid since it is a solid base and can quickly neutralise acid.