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Which vitamins are lost substantially on washing sprouted wheat grains with water repeatedly?
A. Vitamin \[C\] and \[K\]
B. Vitamins \[{{B}_{4}}\] and \[K\]
C. Vitamins \[{{B}_{1}}\] and \[{{B}_{4}}\]
D. Vitamins \[A\] and \[{{B}_{1}}\]

Last updated date: 22nd Jun 2024
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Hint: There are 14 vitamins in total that are basically necessary in humans. These vitamins are divided into two major classes based on the concept of their solubility. Next, vitamins that are soluble in water. That involves 10 vitamin types. Another one is vitamins soluble in fat. These are four kinds of vitamins. Humans can synthesize Vitamin \[{{D}_{3}}\] & Niacin from these 14 vitamins.

Complete answer: With the exception of vitamin ${{B}_{12}}$ and vitamin C, sprouted wheat grains contain vitamin \[B\]. Vitamin \[{{B}_{1}}\] is thiamine, riboflavin is \[{{B}_{2}}\], niacin is Vitamin \[{{B}_{3}}\], pantothenic acid is Vitamin \[{{B}_{5}}\], pyridoxine is \[{{B}_{6}}\], biotin is \[{{B}_{7}}\], and folate is \[{{B}_{9}}\]. When wheat sprouts are cleaned repeatedly, all these vitamins are wiped away, since vitamin B and vitamin \[C\] are water-soluble vitamins and thus can be washed away with water. Vitamin A, \[D\], \[E\], and \[K\] are vitamins soluble in fat that cannot be washed away with water.
Hence, the correct answer is option C.

Note: For the typical development and growth of a living organism, vitamins are important. Several animals, except humans, monkeys, guinea pigs, Indian fruit bats, some birds, and fish, also synthesize vitamin \[C\]. Therefore, in their diet, humans need vitamin \[C\]. Vitamin \[B\]-complex plays an essential role in preserving health and well-being. B vitamins have an instant effect on your energy levels, brain activity, and cell metabolism as the building blocks of a healthy body. There are still vitamins that cannot be synthesized as nutritional supplements and therefore must be provided to the body. The nutrient that the physical body can synthesize is vitamin \[D\]. When exposed to direct sunlight, the human skin synthesizes vitamin \[D\].