Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Which of the molecules is trigonal bipyramidal?
A. $B{{F}_{3}}$
B. $C{{H}_{4}}$
C. $PC{{l}_{5}}$
D. $S{{F}_{6}}$

seo-qna
Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
Total views: 372.3k
Views today: 8.72k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
372.3k+ views
Hint: The number of bonds, lone pair of electrons, and the hybridization of the central atom explain the shape of the molecules. If there is a presence of a lone pair of electrons on the central atom the shape of the molecule is going to change.

Complete step by step answer:
- In the question, it is asked which molecules have the shape of trigonal bipyramidal among the given options.
- First, we should know the number of lone pairs on the central atom, the number of bonds, and the hybridization of the given molecules to find the shape of the given molecules.
- Coming to option A, $B{{F}_{3}}$. The boron atom does not contain any lone pair of electrons on the central atom, the hybridization of the molecule is $s{{p}^{2}}$ and the number of bonds is three then the structure of $B{{F}_{3}}$ is trigonal planar and it is as follows.
seo images

- Coming to option B, $C{{H}_{4}}$ . The carbon atom does not contain any lone pair of electrons on the central atom, the hybridization of the molecule is $s{{p}^{3}}$ and the numbers of bonds are four then the structure of $C{{H}_{4}}$ is tetrahedral and it is as follows.
seo images

- Coming to the option C, $PC{{l}_{5}}$ . The phosphorus atom does not contain any lone pair of electrons on the central atom, the hybridization of the molecule is $s{{p}^{3}}d$and the numbers of bonds are five then the structure of is trigonal bipyramidal and it is as follows.
seo images

- Coming to the option D, $S{{F}_{6}}$. The sulfur atom does not contain any lone pair of electrons on the central atom, the hybridization of the molecule is $s{{p}^{3}}{{d}^{2}}$ and the numbers of bonds are six then the structure of is octahedral and it is as follows.
seo images

- Therefore the molecule which has trigonal bipyramidal structure among the given options is $PC{{l}_{5}}$. So, the correct answer is “Option C”.

Note: If a lone pair of electrons are present on the central atom in the molecule then the shape of the molecule is going to change because of the repulsions between lone pair and bond pair electrons in the molecule.