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Which of the following is the largest gland in the human body?
(a)Liver
(b)Brain
(c)Pancreas
(d)Thyroid

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Last updated date: 23rd Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: This gland secretes bile in the human body. It detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and also produces biochemicals, necessary for digestion and growth.

Complete answer:
The liver is an organ, which is found only in invertebrates. In humans, it is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, below the diaphragm.
The liver is split into two lobes -the left and right lobe. These two lobes are separated by Falciform ligament.
Functions of the liver are to carry out the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, to produce and secrete bile, to excrete cholesterol, bilirubin, drugs, and hormones, and to activate enzymes.
It also stores vitamins, minerals, and glycogen, and is responsible for synthesizing plasma proteins namely albumin and clotting factors. It further detoxifies the blood and purifies it. In the liver, hepatocytes are present which have the unique potential to reproduce in response to any liver injury.

Additional Information: -In all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals, the brain serves as the center of the nervous system. It is located usually close to the sensory organs in the head, for senses such as vision. In a vertebrate's body, the brain is the most complex organ.
-The pancreas located in the abdomen plays an essential role in the conversion of food we eat into fuel for the cells. The two main functions of the pancreas are: as an exocrine function it helps in digestion and as an endocrine function it regulates blood sugar.
-The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that is present in front of the neck. It lies below your Adam's apple, in the front of the windpipe. The thyroid has two side lobes, which are connected in the middle by a bridge named isthmus. When the thyroid is in its normal size, it cannot be felt.
So, the correct option is,’ Liver’.

Note: -The liver is attached to the front body wall with the falciform ligament. In the liver, Hepatocytes are present which have a unique potential to reproduce in any response to any liver injury.
-Hepatocytes are cells of the liver with a unique function of reproducing in case of injury.
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