Answer

Verified

388.2k+ views

**Hint:**This satellite was launched by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957, and it was the first artificial satellite. The development plan was proposed by the chief soviet rocket scientist, Sergei Korolev.

**Complete answer:**

To detect and monitor the physical characteristics of the earth’s surface, remote sensing satellites are used. Land surveys are performed with the help of remote sensing satellites. It is also used in ecology, hydrology, oceanography, geology, meteorology, etc.

The SPOT satellite is used for the observation of the earth and is an example of a remote sensing satellite. The French space agency in the 1970s initiated the satellite.

Another remote sensing satellite, The LANDSAT program was initiated by NASA and USGS and for the acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth, it is the longest-running enterprise.

A series of Indian optical earth observation satellites, the CARTOSAT is also an example of a remote sensing satellite. The Indian Space Research Organization or ISRO operates the satellites.

While talking about the remaining option,

D. Sputnik 1 was the first artificial satellite, an intentionally placed object into orbit. Sputnik 1 is referred to as an artificial satellite to differentiate it from the natural satellites, the moon. The Soviet Union launched it on October 4, 1957. The launch of the satellite is considered important as it brought major developments in the fields of politics, science, the military, etc.

**Thus the correct option is D.**

**Note:**

From the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, the first Cartosat was launched. In 1867 orbits, the satellite covered the entire globe. It took 126 days.

Recently Updated Pages

What number is 20 of 400 class 8 maths CBSE

Which one of the following numbers is completely divisible class 8 maths CBSE

What number is 78 of 50 A 32 B 35 C 36 D 39 E 41 class 8 maths CBSE

How many integers are there between 10 and 2 and how class 8 maths CBSE

The 3 is what percent of 12 class 8 maths CBSE

Find the circumference of the circle having radius class 8 maths CBSE

Trending doubts

Which are the Top 10 Largest Countries of the World?

Fill the blanks with the suitable prepositions 1 The class 9 english CBSE

One cusec is equal to how many liters class 8 maths CBSE

Differentiate between homogeneous and heterogeneous class 12 chemistry CBSE

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic class 11 biology CBSE

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

The Equation xxx + 2 is Satisfied when x is Equal to Class 10 Maths

One Metric ton is equal to kg A 10000 B 1000 C 100 class 11 physics CBSE

Change the following sentences into negative and interrogative class 10 english CBSE

Students Also Read