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Which of the following is an anabolic process?
a. Digestion
b. Restoration
c. Excretion
d. Photosynthesis

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The process of synthesizing a larger molecule from the addition of the smaller molecules.

Complete answer:
Photosynthesis is an example of an anabolic reaction. It synthesizes sugars from the addition of the smaller molecules like carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight, which gives oxygen and glucose in return along with some energy.
${ 6CO }_{ 2 }+{ 6H }_{ 2 }{ O }\quad \rightarrow \quad { C }_{ 6 }{ H }_{ 12 }{ 0 }_{ 6 }+{ 6O }_{ 2 }$

Additional information:
-The Anabolic process is known as the endergonic reaction because it requires energy.
-It is the metabolism of the building-up of the metabolites and the chemical substances.
-It has the same meaning as that of the biosynthesis.
-The energy it requires is obtained from the catabolic reactions.
-In the absence of energy, the anabolic reaction does not take place.
-This process helps in the synthesis of the tissues and organs, and also helps in the increase in body size.
-The steroid hormones are termed as the anabolic hormones because it helps in the synthesis of the protein, and insulin, and also helps in the synthesis of proteins.
-The photosynthesis is an anabolic reaction where the energy is obtained from the sunlight.
-The carbon dioxide and water are the simple molecules that transform to form starch which is a complex molecule.

The word anabolism is derived from the Latin word which was earlier derived from the Greek word ava, meaning ‘upward’ or ‘to throw'. Photosynthesis is the process of conversion of light energy into chemical energy. The term photosynthesis was derived from the Greek word phos, meaning ‘light’, and synthesis, meaning ‘putting together ‘.