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Which of the following have asymmetric carbon atoms?
(A)
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(B)
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(C)
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(D)
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seo-qna
Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint :A chiral carbon atom (also known as an asymmetric carbon) is one that is bound to four distinct atoms or groups of atoms. There are two optical isomers for each chiral carbon in a molecule. In nature, only one optical isomer is always formed; for example, in translation, only L-isomer amino acids are produced.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
An asymmetric carbon atom (chiral carbon) is one that has four distinct forms of atoms or groups of atoms bound to it. The Le Bel-van't Hoff rule states that the number in stereoisomers of an organic compound is \[{2^n}\], where n is the number of asymmetric carbon atoms (unless there is an internal plane of symmetry); this is a corollary of Le Bel and van't Hoff's simultaneous announcements in 1874 that the most likely orientation of the bonds of a carbon atom linked to four groups of atoms is toward the apex (which involved a carbon atom bearing four different atoms or groups).
Consider option A
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Here the first carbon is attached to 4 distinct groups, i.e, H, Cl, CH₃ and CH₂Br

Note :
Left-handed and right-handed representations of the same molecule result from the four sets of atoms bound to the carbon atom being arranged in space in two distinct forms that are mirror images of each other. Molecules that can't be superimposed over their own mirror image are chiral like mirror images.