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Which of the following factors regulate food intake?
(a)Body temperature
(b)Psychological factors
(c)Blood glucose levels
(d)All of these

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The knowledge of the regulation of food intake is crucial to an understanding of body weight and obesity. Traditionally, food intake has been researched within the homeostatic approach to physiological systems; and since feeding may be a sort of behavior, it forms a part of the behavioral regulation of body weight (or behavioral homeostasis).

Complete answer:
These are the number of mental functions (hunger discernment, longings, and gluttonous sensations) and social activities (suppers, bites, energy, and macronutrient admissions); the degree of fringe physiology and metabolic functions; and the level of neurotransmitter and metabolic interactions within the brain. Appetite reflects the operation of events and processes within the three levels. Neural events trigger and guide behavior, but each act of behavior involves a response within the peripheral physiological system; successively, these physiological events are translated into brain neurochemical activity. This brain activity represents the strength of motivation to eat and therefore the willingness to refrain from feeding.

Additional information:
Craving finds a way into an energy balance model of weight guidelines yet it isn't important to accept that hunger control is a result of the guideline of energy balance. Appetite is separately controlled and has relevance to energy balance since it modulates the energy intake side of the equation. This happens because appetite includes various aspects of eating patterns like the frequency and size of eating episodes (gorging versus nibbling), choices of high fat or low-fat foods, the energy density of foods consumed, variety of foods accepted, palatability of the diet, and variability in the day-to-day intake. All of those features can play a task in encouraging energy intake to exceed energy expenditure thereby creating a positive energy balance.

So the correct answer to the above question is ‘All of these’.

Note: It is useful here to distinguish between signals involved in appetite control. Customarily, differentiation has been drawn between the present moment and long haul guideline of craving, yet the implication of rambling and tonic is all the more practically suitable. Episodic signs are for the most part inhibitory (yet can be excitatory) and are generally created by scenes of eating. These signs waver as per the example of eating, and most are personally connected with the motioning of satiety.