Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Which of the following exhibits the characteristics are given below?
i. Plants like organisms
ii.Lacks chlorophyll
iii.Mostly saprophytes and parasites

A. Euglena
B. Fungi
C. Algae
D. Bryophytes

seo-qna
Last updated date: 25th Jun 2024
Total views: 396k
Views today: 4.96k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
396k+ views
Hint: It was initially considered plant-like organisms as they have cell walls like plants. They lack chlorophyll and do not show photosynthesis. These are mostly saprophytes and parasitic in nature. The saprophytes are found as decomposers in soil.

Complete answer: Let’s one by one deal with the provided plants and its characteristics features.
-Euglena is a genus of single-cell flagellate eukaryotes. It is the well-known and most widely studied member of the class Euglenoidea, it is a diverse group that contains 54 genera and nearly 800 species. Species of Euglena are found in freshwater and saltwater.
-Fungi (singular: fungus) are a kingdom of usually multicellular eukaryotic organisms that are heterotrophs (cannot make their own food) and have important roles in nutrient cycling in an ecosystem. Fungi reproduce both sexually and asexually, and they also have symbiotic relationships with plants and bacteria.
-Alga is an informal term for a large and diverse group of photosynthetic eukaryotic organisms. It is a polyphyletic grouping, including species from multiple distinct clades.
-Bryophytes are an informal group that contains three divisions of non-vascular land plants called embryophytes, liverworts, and mosses. These are limited in size and these mostly prefer moist habitats. They can survive in dry environments. The bryophytes consist of about 20,000 plant species.
Hence, the correct answer is Option B

Note: The ghost plant (Monotropa uniflora), for example, is a herbaceous perennial that contains no chlorophyll. Instead of producing its own energy from the sun, it steals energy from other plants much like a parasitic worm robs nutrients and energy from our pets.