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Which chemical is known as king of chemicals?
(A) ${{H}_{2}}C{{O}_{3}}$
(B) $HCl$
(C) $C{{H}_{3}}COOH$
(D) ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: A compound which has the highest industrial application will be considered as the king of chemicals.
- The statistics of the production of this chemical which finds high application in the industrial field marks the industrial growth in a country.

Complete step by step answer:
- So in the question it is asked that from the given options, which chemical is called as the king of chemicals. This is a factual type of question in which we considered its production scale to predict the highly used chemical.
- The chemicals which are used as the raw materials or involved in the preparation of a large range of products which have huge commercial purpose are generally termed as the king of chemicals. We will take the statistics of the production of a chemical and it will give the amount used and production quantity of a chemical. The statistics give the idea of the industrial growth in a nation.
- If we compare the given four options the chemical which is produced in a very large scale is sulphuric acid i.e. ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ and hence ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ is called as the king of chemicals. It is almost used in the preparation of a very large range of chemicals like dyes, dugs, acids like hydrochloric acid, nitric acid etc. The ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ is one of the most important chemical commodities and its production in a nation will indicate the industrial strength of the nation.
- It is mostly used for the preparation of fertilizers and also in mineral processing, chemical synthesis, wastewater processing etc. It is a good dehydrating agent and also a good oxidizing agent at higher concentrations. ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ is also called as oil of vitriol or mattling acid.
So, the correct answer is “Option D”.

Note: We should know that the annual production of the chemical ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ will represent the economy of the nation. One of the compound which we use in our day to day life and is an application of ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ is the lead –acid storage batteries in which the ${{H}_{2}}S{{O}_{4}}$ acts as the electrolyte.
- The chemical compound which is called as the King of base is sodium hydroxide ($NaOH$)