Question

# Which alkyl halide undergoes ${{E}_{2}}$ elimination?

Hint: ${{E}_{2}}$ reactions are a single step concerted reaction in which there is one transition state. ${{E}_{2}}$ reactions are seen typically with secondary and tertiary alkyl halides, but in the case of primary halide, there is a necessity of a hindered base.

-${{E}_{2}}$ reactions, in order to proceed, must follow the following requirements-
(i) Secondary and tertiary alkyl halides will undergo ${{E}_{2}}$ reactions in the presence of a base like OH-, RO-, ${{R}_{2}}N-$ .
-${{E}_{2}}$ reactions are anti elimination which means that there must be a proton in the beta position of the leaving group. In complexes (A) and (B) there Hydrogen atom is present in the anti position of the leaving group. After the removal of the leaving group, i.e Br and Cl respectively in option (A) and (B) an alkene will be formed. Whereas the complexes in (C) and (D) do not have Hydrogen atoms in the anti position of the leaving group.
Note: ${{E}_{2}}$ elimination reactions of alkyl halides will dominate with most of the nucleophiles, even if they are weak bases. In high dielectric ionizing solvents, the products formed maybe ${{S}_{N}}1$ and ${{E}_{1}}$ .