The World Health Organization, or WHO, is part of the United Nations that focuses on global health issues. The organization has been working for more than 60 years on issues such as smallpox eradication, family planning, childhood immunization, maternal morbidity, poliomyelitis eradication and AIDS.
WHO describes several leadership priorities as part of initiatives for better global health? These leadership priorities include:
• Work for universal health coverage
• Develop international health regulations
• Increase access to medical products
• Look for factors such as social, economic and environmental issues as they contribute to health
• Prevent non communicable diseases
And focus on other "millennium development goals" such as the fight against poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women
The aims and objectives of the ILO (International Labour Organization) were set out in the preamble to its constitution, drafted in 1919. The preamble states that "universal and lasting peace can only be established if it is based on social justice. ". Therefore, the fundamental purpose of the organization is to help improve social conditions around the world. The following examples of concrete "emergency" measures are specifically mentioned in the preamble: the regulation of hours of work, including the establishment of a day and a maximum work week; the regulation of the labour supply ; prevention of unemployment; the provision of a decent living wage; protection of the worker against illness, illness and injuries arising out of his employment; protection of children, adolescents and women; provision for old age and injuries; the protection of the interests of workers employed in countries other than their own; recognition of the principle of equal pay for work of equal value; and recognition of the principle of freedom of association.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) undertakes to promote and, where appropriate, to recommend national and international measures concerning :
(a) Scientific, technological, social and economic research related to the nutrition, food and agriculture;
(b) improving education and administration in nutrition, nutrition and agriculture and disseminating public knowledge of nutritional and agricultural science and practice; (c) the conservation of natural resources and the adoption of improved methods of agricultural production;
(d) Improving the processing, marketing and distribution of food and agricultural products;
(e) The adoption of policies for the provision of adequate domestic and international agricultural credit; and
f) the adoption of international policies on the arrangements relating to commodities agricultural.
FAO also plays a major role in food and agricultural emergencies such as drought, famine, plant diseases and insect infestations.
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