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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: An attempt to this question can be made by understanding the word 'potable'. More than one option might seem correct at the starting. This is why understand the way potable water is obtained. This will clear the confusion and enable you to answer the question.

Complete Solution :
- Potable in Latin means fit to drink or rather a substance fit for consuming on a general basis. Potable water is the common name for drinking water.
- Potable water is obtained from fresh water bodies present on the surface as well as from ground sources.
- The water obtained is treated to levels so as to meet the standards for consumption.
- Water obtained from natural sources is treated mainly for microorganism, bacteria, toxic chemicals, viruses and various fecal matter that may not be fit for consumption.
- So, the water obtained after all these levels of purification and processing is called potable water as it is fit for consumption.
So, the correct answer is “Option B”.

Note: Water if not treated properly can lead to various diseases. Commonly observed problems are diarrhea, vomiting, fever or other gastrointestinal problems. It is important for the authorities to ensure that water is treated before they distribute it to homes. In developed countries, it is commonly seen that the tap water is fit for direct consumption without any further purification required.