Hint: Public facilities are the facilities that are provided to the general public at large. These are the basic facilities like education, food, health, electricity, sanitation, safe drinking water, shelter, security etc., that are given collectively by the Government.
Public facilities are services provided by the government to its citizens. Some of the important public facilities include infrastructure, sanitation, public transport, health care, water, etc. The government's main objective is to provide these public facilities to citizens and businesses to manage social and economic activities more smoothly.
The important characteristic of a public facility is that once it is provided, its benefits can be shared by many people. For instance, a school in the village will enable many children to get educated.
Let's look at some of the public facilities in India.
Infrastructure: Infrastructure includes public roads, bridges, highways, dams and electricity. The government is proposing various initiatives and programs to put this infrastructure in place. The provision of this basic infrastructure ensures the safe movement of people and materials in all regions of the country. India has come a long way in infrastructure development, but much work remains to be done as some remote areas of the country are still not connected to other developed regions.
Sanitation: Sanitation is an important facility that must be planned to create a cleaner environment. Some of the major sanitation facilities include proper disposal of waste, public toilets, purification of chemicals from industries, and hazardous waste management.
Public transport: Good public transportation is an essential facility that allows citizens of the country to travel locally and across the country faster, safer and more affordable. Public transport includes railways, buses, airlines, etc. The connectivity of the different regions of the country between them is taken into consideration when planning public transport. Railways and buses have good connectivity in India however, air connectivity remains a problem for some regions but slowly the situation is improving.
Health care: Health is one of the most important public facilities that must be provided by the government. Planning and implementation of government medical facilities such as hospitals, health centres and affordable drugs should be carried out in all regions of the country. In India, the government has set up civilian hospitals and medical centres in various parts of the country, which provide basic services to advance medical aid to citizens. In addition to this, the government has also set up research and development centres that are constantly working to develop medical solutions for some of the modern diseases.
Water: Water is an essential facility. First, clean water should be available in public water treatment facilities. The canal should be constructed to make water available for agricultural use. Industries also use water as a material for many processes. In addition to providing water, the government should also provide facilities to purify domestic water and treatment facilities to ensure that harmful particles are removed from water from industries.
Note: There are various types of public facilities which are being provided to the people of the country. Mostly these facilities are provided by the government of the country but some of the facilities are also provided by private entities but at costly rates.