Hint: In simple terms, democracy is a chief system of the government wherein every citizen exercises certain powers directly or further elect representatives within themselves for the formation of a governing body. For instance, a parliament is known as a governing body. It is also recognized as the rule of the majority. In such a type of government, power isn’t and cannot be inherited.
Even though democracy has been accepted as the best form of Government in this modern world. Yet it has its own problems. Some of these areas are stated below:
(i) Growing economic and social inequalities among the people: It is quite evident that all the citizens have the right to vote and fight elections but only rich people have a chance to win the election. The underprivileged are forced to sell their votes to fulfil their basic necessities of life like food, clothing and shelter.
(ii) Role of anti-social elements: During elections, the role of anti-social elements gets a sudden rise. Voters are forced to vote for a particular candidate or party. Rigging also takes place during the elections.
(iii) Corruption and inefficiency: In most democratic countries, political leaders and government officials are dishonest, corrupt, and inefficient. As a result, citizens generally do not take any interest in elections. They even have no faith in government officials. That adversely affects the working of democracy in a country.
(iv) Casteism and communalism: These two are the biggest challenges in many democratic countries. Political parties try to brainwash people while distributing tickets for the election. We have seen that representatives elected on the basis of community and caste work for the welfare of the people belonging only to their group.
From the above-mentioned points, it is clear that these challenges depend on what stage of social development the country is in. Resolutions to these trials also depend on a country’s exclusive situation. There is no pre-prescribed method to confront the challenges faced by democracy.
Note: The Indian democratic system underwent several alterations over time. Democracy in India exists for decades now. As for the history of democracy in general, the term democracy was derived from the Ancient Greek philosophical and political thought residing in the city-state of Athens in classical antiquity. This word thus is frescoed from the Greek term demos, meaning common people, and Kratos, meaning strength. It was founded in 508-507 BC. Democracy was established by Athenians and then led by the Cleisthenes. Cleisthenes is also recognized as the father of Athenian democracy.