Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# How do you verify $\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}={{\cos }^{2}}x$ ?

Last updated date: 17th Jun 2024
Total views: 372.9k
Views today: 7.72k
Verified
372.9k+ views
Hint: First analyse the left hand side of the equation and check whether it is equal to the right hand side of the equation. This can be done by using the suitable trigonometric identities (formulae) and simplify any one side of the equation.

Complete step by step solution:
Sine, cosine and tangent of an angle are trigonometric ratios. These ratios are also called trigonometric functions. When we plot a graph of the trigonometric ratios with respect to all the real values of an angle we get a graph that has a periodic property. This means that the graph repeats itself after equal intervals of the angle. Other than the trigonometric ratios sine, cosine and tangent we have other trigonometric ratios called cosecant, secant and cotangent.

All the above six trigonometric ratios (functions) are dependent on each other. There are different properties and identities that related the trigonometric ratios.The equation that has to be verified is $\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}={{\cos }^{2}}x$. Let us first analyse the left hand side of the equation and check whether it is equal to the right hand side of the equation. The left hand side of the equation is,
$\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}$ ….. (i)
We know that $\sin (-x)=\sin x$. Then,
${{\sin }^{2}}(-x)={{\left( -\sin x \right)}^{2}}={{\sin }^{2}}x$

We also know that $\tan x=\dfrac{\sin x}{\cos x}$. Then,
${{\tan }^{2}}x=\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}x}{{{\cos }^{2}}x}$
Substitute the known values in (i). Then,
$\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}=\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(x)}{\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(x)}{{{\cos }^{2}}(x)}}$
$\therefore\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}={{\sin }^{2}}(x)\times \dfrac{{{\cos }^{2}}(x)}{{{\sin }^{2}}(x)}={{\cos }^{2}}x$
Then this means that $\dfrac{{{\sin }^{2}}(-x)}{{{\tan }^{2}}(x)}={{\cos }^{2}}x$.Therefore, the left hand side of the given equation is equal to the right hand side of the equation. Hence, the given equation is verified and is correct.

Note:There are more than one way to answer the given question. You may use other trigonometric identities like,
${{\tan }^{2}}x=1-{{\sec }^{2}}x$ and ${{\sin }^{2}}x=1-{{\cos }^{2}}x$
Then you can use the relation between cosine and secant function, which is,
$\sec x=\dfrac{1}{\cos x}$
Further, if you substitute these values in the left hand side of the equation then the equation will be verified.