Question

# How many valence electrons does $S$ have?

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Hint:. The answer to this question is dependent on the general concept that deals with the calculation of valence electrons which is obtained by counting the total number of atoms present in the outermost orbit of the element.

Atomic number of $S$ that is sulphur is 16 and its electronic configuration is $1{{s}^{2}}2{{s}^{2}}2{{p}^{6}}3{{s}^{2}}3{{p}^{4}}$ and this configuration can also be written as, $[Ne]3{{s}^{2}}3{{p}^{4}}$
- Now, here since the outermost orbit is numbered 3, the total valence electrons present is the total electrons is 3s and 3p shell that is $2 + 4 = 6$ valence electrons.
Therefore, the correct answer is the total number of valence electrons of $S$ is 6