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Last updated date: 29th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Use of a mild base like ______ on the stung area gives relief.
A) Washing soda
B) Milk of magnesia
C) Baking soda
D) Calcium carbonate

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Hint: A bee stings by piercing the skin with a barbed stinger. Bee sting venom contains proteins that cause pain and swelling around the sting site by affecting skin cells and the immune system. Bee venom can cause a more intense immune system reaction in people who are allergic to bee stings.

Complete answer:
A) Washing soda
For cleaning burnt-on oil from kitchen utensils, we use washing soda. It is used in the soap, glass, and paper industries. It also aids in the reduction of water's irreversible hardness. Therefore, it is inappropriate to use it on human skin. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
B) Milk of magnesia
Milk of magnesia is used to reduce the oil in our face. It can also help in reducing acne. It is used to set our makeup so that it lasts longer. Hence, it is inappropriate to use it on the stung area. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
C) Baking soda
Baking soda (sodium hydrogen carbonate, $NaHC{O_3}$ ) is a moderate, non-corrosive base, as we all know. It has the ability to neutralise acids. As a result, when it is added to the stung environment, it neutralises the excess acid and reduces the influence of the acid. As a result of neutralising the honey bee's acidity, the pain and discomfort are minimised. Hence, this option is correct.
D) Calcium carbonate
Many household items use calcium carbonate as a component. Paints, soaps, craft materials, paper, and polishes all contain it as a whitening agent. Many beauty products, such as mouthwashes, creams, pastes, powders, and lotions, contain it as a filler and whitener. . Hence, it is inappropriate to use it on the stung area. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
The correct option is C) Baking soda.

A paste made of baking soda and water can help neutralise bee venom to reduce pain, itching, and swelling. Apply a thick layer of baking soda paste to the affected area. Cover the paste with a bandage. Leave on for at least 15 minutes and re-apply as needed.