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What do you understand about the Carolingian Renaissance?
A. Social awakening of Europe in the 17th century
B. Cultural and intellectual awakening of the 8th and 9th century medieval Europe
C. Cultural and intellectual awakening of the 17th and 18th century modern Europe
D. Cultural and intellectual awakening of the 10th and 11th century medieval India

Answer
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Hint: The Carolingian Renaissance marked with an increase of writing, arts, literature, jurisprudence, architecture and spiritual studies. The Renaissance takes place during the rule of Louis the pious and Charlemagne. The Renaissance included most of the part of Frankish kingdom including present parts of France Germany Spain and Italy.

Complete answer: The Carolingian Renaissance was the first material ranasa regarded as a cultural revival in the Carolingian empire. It occurred in the late 8th to the ninth century which took inspiration from the Christian Roman empire of the 4th century. The period marked with innovations such as art and architecture made great innovations in style, court school was established where liberal arts were studied, a new style of handwriting was invented. Charlemagne made the court a canter of culture which attracted scholars and building schools and classical and Christian learning spread throughout Europe.
-Social awakening of Europe in the 17th century marked with a slow but steady exit from religion the lights of enlightenment issued a public declaration of independence from God and priests which became a battle plan for the war of a tradition against religion that began with the French revolution.
-The cultural and intellectual awakening of the 17th and 18th century of modern Europe is also marked as the age of enlightenment or age of reason. The movement advocated rationality ethics and logics over the orthodox irrational traditional values and superstition that were followed in Europe.
-Cultural and intellectual awakening in the 10th century in medieval India marked the rise of various empires and the rise of different types of cultures and social practices.
Therefore, the correct answer is option-B.

Note: The Carolingian Renaissance also marked Church reforms which were made to make the subjects of the country more moral. Apart from this Charlemagne invited great scholars from all over Europe for their advice on renewal of politics, church, literature and art.