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What type of fruit is present in (a) Cotton and Lady Finger (b) Coriander (c) Radish (d) Grape?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: A fruit is defined as a mature ovary and the other parts associated with it. The fruits can differ based on their different types. The classification system of different fruits takes into account different numbers of factors ranging from their external structure to ovary. The fruit not only always develops from the ovary and hence the process is called parthenocarpy.

Complete step by step answer:There are three main categories of fruits: simple, aggregate, and multiple. Below is a guide to the classification of fruits-
1. Simple
The majority of fleshy fruits fall into this category. There are four further types of fruit:
Drupes: These fruits are also termed as stone fruit because inside them there is a very hard seed (ex: cherry, peach).
Berries: These fruits have seeds in the center of the fruit and are most juicy on the inside (ex: grape).
Pomes: This category includes the fruits that bloom (ex: apples, pears).
Pepos: These include watermelon.
2. Aggregate
These types of fruit are made up of many drupes or berries that come from the same flower.
3. Multiple
This category includes figs, pineapples, and many others.
Now, let’s have a look at the options-
(A) Cotton and Ladyfinger- Dehiscent fruits (the follicle on one side splits on one side and the capsule is formed from a combined ovary).
(B) Coriander- Schizocarpic or splitting fruit (formed from a single ovary of a single flower and are simple fruits).
(C) Radish- Schizocarpic or splitting fruit.
(D) Grape- Fleshy or Succulent fruit (These are considered in berries and these have a juicy layer of pericarp).

Note:A fruit is defined as a fleshy or dry part of a plant that is edible. There are different types of fruits according to the structure and hence they are categorized differently according to their structure and other features. The most common category is the simple fruit and then as the complexity in structure arises, different categories are formed.