Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store

# Two points P and Q are maintained at potentials of $10$V and $-4$V respectively. The work done in moving $100$ electrons from P to Q is proportional to(A) $2.24\times {{10}^{-16}}$J(B) $-9.6\times {{10}^{-17}}$J(C) $-2.24\times {{10}^{-16}}$J(D) $9.6\times {{10}^{-17}}$J

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
Total views: 374.7k
Views today: 7.74k
Verified
374.7k+ views
Hint: The work done to move a charge or group of charge from one point P to another point Q is proportional to the amount of charge moved (magnitude of charge) and it is proportional to the potential difference between the two points P and Q.

According to the question, let us consider two points P and Q, they are maintained at potentials of $10$V and $-4$V respectively, as shown in the figure below.

The potential difference between the two points P and Q is given by,
${{V}_{d}}=(-4)-10=-14$V ….(i)
We have to move $100$ electrons from P to Q, so the charge equivalent to $100$ electrons will be 100 multiplied by c the charge of one electron, we get,
$q=100\times (-1.6\times {{10}^{-19}})=-1.6\times {{10}^{-17}}$C ….(ii)
We know that the work done to move a charge from one point P to another point Q depends on the magnitude of charge and the potential difference between the two points P and Q.
Work done is given by,
$W=q\times {{V}_{d}}$ ….(iii)
Now, putting the values of potential difference ${{V}_{d}}$ from equation (i) and charge q from equation (ii), in the above formula, we get work done as,
$W=(-1.6\times {{10}^{-17}})\times (-14)=2.24\times {{10}^{-16}}$J
Hence, $2.24\times {{10}^{-16}}$J of work is done to move $100$ electrons from point P to point Q.

Thus, the correct answer is option (A).

The value of charge of one electron is $-1.6\times {{10}^{-19}}$C and should be remembered to solve questions. Electric potential, the work done to move a point charge from one point to another is the electric potential energy per unit charge and it is a scalar quantity.