# Two lines are drawn at the right angle, one being a tangent to \[{y^2} = 4ax\] and another to \[{x^2} = 4by\]. Show that the locus of their point of intersection is the curve \[ \ {\left( {bx - ay} \right)^2} + (by + ax)\left( {{x^2} + {y^2}} \right) = 0\]

Last updated date: 21st Mar 2023

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Hint: Assume the equation of the general tangents to both the parabolas given in the equation. Then simply equate the product of their slopes to , and make the point whose locus needs to be found out, (let’s call it ) satisfy the equations of tangents you assumed.

Let’s assume two parabola

\[{y^2} = 4ax\] ……………… (1)

And

\[{x^2} = 4ay\]. ……………….. (2)

As lines are touching the parabola, therefore lines are tangents on the parabolas.

We are going to write the equation of tangents for both parabolas. As the question says that the lines intersect each other normally at a point. We have to write the equation in slope form.

For \[{y^2} = 4ax\]

Let slope of the tangent \[ = {m_1}\]

Therefore; the slope of tangent = slope of the parabola

\[\therefore \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = {m_1}\] ……………. (A)

\[2y\dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = 4a\]

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{{2a}}{y}\] ………… (B)

Equating (A) and (B)

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{{2a}}{y} = {m_1}\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}\] Put this value in equation (1)

Form equation (1)

\[{\left( {\dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}} \right)^2} = 4ax\]

\[ \Rightarrow x = \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}\]

Therefore; co-ordinate of point of the tangent is

\[x = \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}\] And \[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}\]

Equation of tangent is

\[\left( {y - \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}} \right) = {m_1}\left( {x - \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}} \right)\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = mx + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\] …….. (C) Equation of tangent of parabola\[{y^2} = 4ax\].

Equation of tangent for parabola \[{x^2} = 4ay\]

Just replace \[x \to y\,,\,\,y \to x\,,\,{m_1} \to {m_2}\,and \to b\]in equation (C)

\[ \Rightarrow x = {m_2}y + \dfrac{b}{{{m_2}}}\] …….. (D)

\[ \Rightarrow x{m_2} = m_{_2}^2y + b\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{x}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\] ……….. (E)

Compare this equation (E) with the general equation of a straight line\[y = mx + c\].

Slope of tangent \[ = \dfrac{1}{{{m_2}}}\]

As tangents are intersecting perpendicular to each other.

Therefore, the product of slope\[ = - 1\].

\[{m_1} \cdot \dfrac{1}{{{m_2}}} = - 1\]

\[ \Rightarrow {m_2} = - {m_1}\] ……………… (3)

Assume tangents are intersecting with each other at a point\[P(h,k)\].

Therefore, equation (C) and (E) must satisfy the point ‘P’.

Put the value of ‘P’ in equations (C) and (E).

From equation (C)

\[ \Rightarrow y = {m_1}x + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = {m_1}h + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2h - {m_1}k + a = 0\] ……………. (5)

From equation (E)

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{x}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = \dfrac{h}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_2}^2k - {m_2}h + b = 0\] …………….(6)

Put the value \[{m_2} = - {m_1}\] in equation (6)

From equation (6) and (3)

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( { - {m_1}} \right)^2}k - \left( { - {m_1}} \right)h + b = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_1}^2k + {m_1}h + b = 0\] …………….. (7)

Apply the cross-multiplication method in equation (5) and (7)

\[m_1^2h - {m_1}k + a = 0\] ……………. (5)

\[m_{_1}^2k + {m_1}h + b = 0\] …………….. (7)

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{m_1^2}}{{ - kb - ha}} = \dfrac{{( - ){m_1}}}{{hb - ak}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} - ( - k)k}}\]

From above we can say that

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{m_1^2}}{{ - kb - ha}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} - ( - k)k}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2 = \dfrac{{ - kb - ha}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\] …………….. (8)

Again from above

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{( - ){m_1}}}{{hb - ak}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow ( - ){m_1} = \dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

Squaring both sides

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_1}^2 = \left( {\dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}} \right)\] ……… (9)

Comparing equation (8) and (9)

From equation (8) and (9)

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2 = \dfrac{{ - kb - ha}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}} = {\left( {\dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}} \right)^2}\]

\[ \Rightarrow - (kb + ha) = \dfrac{{{{\left( {hb - ak} \right)}^2}}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow - (kb + ha)\left( {{h^2} + {k^2}} \right) = {\left( {hb - ak} \right)^2}\]

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( {hb - ak} \right)^2} + (kb + ha)\left( {{h^2} + {k^2}} \right) = 0\] …….(10)

Equation (10) is in terms of\[\left( {h,y} \right)\].

Substitute

\[\begin{gathered}

h \to x \\

k \to y \\

\end{gathered} \]

Locus of point of intersection in term of ‘x’ and ‘y’

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( {bx - ay} \right)^2} + (by + ax)\left( {{x^2} + {y^2}} \right) = 0\]

Note: Cross multiplication

Assume two equation be

\[{A_{1\;}}{x^2}{\text{ }} + {\text{ }}{B_1}{\text{x }} + {\text{ }}{C_{1\;}} = {\text{ }}0\], and

\[{A_2}{x^2}{\text{ }} + {\text{ }}{B_2}{\text{x }} + {\text{ }}{C_{2\;}} = {\text{ }}0\].

The coefficients of \[{x^2}\] are: \[{A_1}\] and\[{A_2}\].

The coefficients of \[x\] are: \[{B_1}\;and{\text{ }}{B_2}\].

The constant terms are: \[{C_1}\;and{\text{ }}\;{C_2}\]

To solve the equations in a simplified way,

\[\dfrac{{{x^2}}}{{{B_1}{C_2} - {B_2}{C_1}}} = \dfrac{x}{{{C_1}{A_2} - {C_2}{A_1}}} = \dfrac{1}{{{A_1}{C_2} - {A_2}{B_1}}}\]

Let’s assume two parabola

\[{y^2} = 4ax\] ……………… (1)

And

\[{x^2} = 4ay\]. ……………….. (2)

As lines are touching the parabola, therefore lines are tangents on the parabolas.

We are going to write the equation of tangents for both parabolas. As the question says that the lines intersect each other normally at a point. We have to write the equation in slope form.

For \[{y^2} = 4ax\]

Let slope of the tangent \[ = {m_1}\]

Therefore; the slope of tangent = slope of the parabola

\[\therefore \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = {m_1}\] ……………. (A)

\[2y\dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = 4a\]

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{{2a}}{y}\] ………… (B)

Equating (A) and (B)

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{dy}}{{dx}} = \dfrac{{2a}}{y} = {m_1}\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}\] Put this value in equation (1)

Form equation (1)

\[{\left( {\dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}} \right)^2} = 4ax\]

\[ \Rightarrow x = \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}\]

Therefore; co-ordinate of point of the tangent is

\[x = \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}\] And \[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}\]

Equation of tangent is

\[\left( {y - \dfrac{{2a}}{{{m_1}}}} \right) = {m_1}\left( {x - \dfrac{a}{{m_1^2}}} \right)\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = mx + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\] …….. (C) Equation of tangent of parabola\[{y^2} = 4ax\].

Equation of tangent for parabola \[{x^2} = 4ay\]

Just replace \[x \to y\,,\,\,y \to x\,,\,{m_1} \to {m_2}\,and \to b\]in equation (C)

\[ \Rightarrow x = {m_2}y + \dfrac{b}{{{m_2}}}\] …….. (D)

\[ \Rightarrow x{m_2} = m_{_2}^2y + b\]

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{x}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\] ……….. (E)

Compare this equation (E) with the general equation of a straight line\[y = mx + c\].

Slope of tangent \[ = \dfrac{1}{{{m_2}}}\]

As tangents are intersecting perpendicular to each other.

Therefore, the product of slope\[ = - 1\].

\[{m_1} \cdot \dfrac{1}{{{m_2}}} = - 1\]

\[ \Rightarrow {m_2} = - {m_1}\] ……………… (3)

Assume tangents are intersecting with each other at a point\[P(h,k)\].

Therefore, equation (C) and (E) must satisfy the point ‘P’.

Put the value of ‘P’ in equations (C) and (E).

From equation (C)

\[ \Rightarrow y = {m_1}x + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = {m_1}h + \dfrac{a}{{{m_1}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2h - {m_1}k + a = 0\] ……………. (5)

From equation (E)

\[ \Rightarrow y = \dfrac{x}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow k = \dfrac{h}{{{m_2}}} - \dfrac{b}{{m_{_2}^2}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_2}^2k - {m_2}h + b = 0\] …………….(6)

Put the value \[{m_2} = - {m_1}\] in equation (6)

From equation (6) and (3)

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( { - {m_1}} \right)^2}k - \left( { - {m_1}} \right)h + b = 0\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_1}^2k + {m_1}h + b = 0\] …………….. (7)

Apply the cross-multiplication method in equation (5) and (7)

\[m_1^2h - {m_1}k + a = 0\] ……………. (5)

\[m_{_1}^2k + {m_1}h + b = 0\] …………….. (7)

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{m_1^2}}{{ - kb - ha}} = \dfrac{{( - ){m_1}}}{{hb - ak}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} - ( - k)k}}\]

From above we can say that

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{m_1^2}}{{ - kb - ha}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} - ( - k)k}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2 = \dfrac{{ - kb - ha}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\] …………….. (8)

Again from above

\[ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{( - ){m_1}}}{{hb - ak}} = \dfrac{1}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow ( - ){m_1} = \dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

Squaring both sides

\[ \Rightarrow m_{_1}^2 = \left( {\dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}} \right)\] ……… (9)

Comparing equation (8) and (9)

From equation (8) and (9)

\[ \Rightarrow m_1^2 = \dfrac{{ - kb - ha}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}} = {\left( {\dfrac{{hb - ak}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}} \right)^2}\]

\[ \Rightarrow - (kb + ha) = \dfrac{{{{\left( {hb - ak} \right)}^2}}}{{{h^2} + {k^2}}}\]

\[ \Rightarrow - (kb + ha)\left( {{h^2} + {k^2}} \right) = {\left( {hb - ak} \right)^2}\]

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( {hb - ak} \right)^2} + (kb + ha)\left( {{h^2} + {k^2}} \right) = 0\] …….(10)

Equation (10) is in terms of\[\left( {h,y} \right)\].

Substitute

\[\begin{gathered}

h \to x \\

k \to y \\

\end{gathered} \]

Locus of point of intersection in term of ‘x’ and ‘y’

\[ \Rightarrow {\left( {bx - ay} \right)^2} + (by + ax)\left( {{x^2} + {y^2}} \right) = 0\]

Note: Cross multiplication

Assume two equation be

\[{A_{1\;}}{x^2}{\text{ }} + {\text{ }}{B_1}{\text{x }} + {\text{ }}{C_{1\;}} = {\text{ }}0\], and

\[{A_2}{x^2}{\text{ }} + {\text{ }}{B_2}{\text{x }} + {\text{ }}{C_{2\;}} = {\text{ }}0\].

The coefficients of \[{x^2}\] are: \[{A_1}\] and\[{A_2}\].

The coefficients of \[x\] are: \[{B_1}\;and{\text{ }}{B_2}\].

The constant terms are: \[{C_1}\;and{\text{ }}\;{C_2}\]

To solve the equations in a simplified way,

\[\dfrac{{{x^2}}}{{{B_1}{C_2} - {B_2}{C_1}}} = \dfrac{x}{{{C_1}{A_2} - {C_2}{A_1}}} = \dfrac{1}{{{A_1}{C_2} - {A_2}{B_1}}}\]

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