Question

# Two different dice are tossed together. Find the probability of getting a doublet.

Hint: A dice has the shape of a cube having one number from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 printed on each of the faces of the cube. Getting a doublet means both the numbers on the dice are the same. A dice can have one of the six outcomes from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.

We have been given that two dice have been tossed. Since the number of outcomes on a single dice is 6, therefore the total number of outcomes when two dices are tossed will be $6\times 6=36$. This is called sample space or the total number of events that may occur. The different outcomes are shown in the table below:
Therefore we have sample space, denoted by $n\left( s \right)=36$. And number of favourable outcomes, denoted by $n\left( e \right)=6$.
We know that the probability of an event, denoted by $\text{P}\left( e \right)$ is given by:
$\text{P}(e)=\dfrac{n(e)}{n(s)}........................................(1)$
Here, we have $n\left( s \right)=36$ and $n(e)=6$.
Substituting these values in equation $\left( 1 \right)$, we get;
$\text{P}(e)=\dfrac{6}{36}=\dfrac{1}{6}.$
Note: One should properly know the concept of probability and its formula to solve questions. We should understand the meaning of terms like doublet, triplet and likewise. If there would have been three dice, then the total number of outcomes would have been $n(s)=6\times 6\times 6=216$. For $n$ number of dices, the total number of outcomes will be $n(s)={{6}^{n}}$.