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Tungsten is obtained from the Latin name wolfram?
(A) True
(B) False

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: The most of the elements discovered in the periodic table have their names originating from either Latin or Greek. The name of many elements does not match their symbols because the origin of their actual name is from Greek or Latin.

Complete step by step answer:
Tungsten is a rare element found in earth crust in combination with other elements. It is not found in pure state hence it has to be separated from its ore or source through chemical procedures.
Tungsten was discovered by a Swedish scientist so its name comes from Swedish name of the tungstate mineral Scheelite which means heavy stone. The tungsten chemical symbol W is different from its name because it comes from its name Wolfram which is a name of the mineral Wolframite from which it is extracted and it is a Latin name.
Tungsten is a very hard and brittle metal which has the highest boiling point among the elements whereas pure crystalline tungsten is ductile and can be cut easily.
Tungsten is a metal from the third transition metal series. It is present in biomolecules too and its alloys are widely used in light bulb filaments, X-ray tubes, as electrodes, radiating shields etc.

So, the given statement is true .

Additional information:
Tungsten contains four type of major isotopes $^{{\text{182}}}{\text{W}}$, $^{{\text{183}}}{\text{W}}$ , $^{{\text{184}}}{\text{W}}$ , $^{{\text{186}}}{\text{W}}$.Tungsten exist in two crystalline form and mostly make BCC (Body Centered Cubic) lattice.

Note: In purest form tungsten have highest melting point, very low vapor pressure and high tensile strength and ductility. Tungsten is a non-reactive metal which does not react with water, acid or any base at normal temperatures. It does not react with oxygen also at normal temperatures.