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Tissue that transport food in plants is _____________.

seo-qna
Last updated date: 16th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:
This tissue is found in the stems and roots of the plant core. It consists of end to end arranged living cells and helps transport up and down the plant sucrose and amino acids.

Complete answer:
> Plants get water, nutrients, and minerals through tissues. Xylem carries water and mineral salts from the roots to other parts of the plant, while phloem carries sucrose and amino acids from the leaves to other parts of the plant. In plants, with the help of vascular tissue called phloem, the synthesized food molecules are transported by the leaves to the various storage organs- roots, stem, fruits.
> The phloem is the complex living tissue present in all vascular plants and is composed mainly of various specialised cells called companion cells, phloem fibres, parenchyma cells and sieve tubes.
The transportation of food from the leaves to the other parts of the plant takes place through the vascular tissue called phloem. Using the energy obtained from ATP, the food (sugar) produced in leaves is loaded into the sieve tubes of phloem tissue. This raises the osmotic pressure in the tissue, allowing the water to flow into it. This method is useful in moving the food materials according to plant needs.
> Phloem helps to translocate food materials from the leaves to plant parts, it also carries food in both upward and downward directions. ATP is required as transportation fuel energy.
> This happens usually between where these substances are created (the sources) and where they are used or processed (the sinks). For example, this means that sucrose is transported from either source in the root to sinks in the spring leaves or from sources in the leaves to the summer sinks in the root.

Note: Transportation in all living organisms is a critical process and requires the transfer of water, minerals, and other essential nutrients to all areas of the plant. Translocation is characterized as the process from the leaves to other parts of the plant for transporting food.