Hint: The tiger is one of the most identifiable and famous charismatic megafaunas in the world. It figured prominently in ancient mythology and folklore, and continues to be portrayed in modern films and literature, featuring on many flags, coats of arms and mascots for sports teams.
- The tiger is a national species belonging to India , Bangladesh, Malaysia and South Korea. The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest established cat species and a member of the Panthera genus.
- It is most noticeable for its dark vertical lines of orange-brown fur with a lighter underside. It is an apex predator, preying mostly on ungulates such as deer and wild boar.
- It is a territorial and, in general, a solitary but social predator, requiring large contiguous habitat areas to accommodate its requirements for the prey and breeding of its offspring.
- Tiger cubs remain with their mother for about two years until they become independent and leave their mother's home range to set up their own.
- India is now home to almost 3,000 tigers, a third more than four years ago, according to the new Tiger Census.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who presented the results on Monday, said that the tiger population had risen from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,967 in 2018.
India is now believed to be home to about 70 % of the world's tigers.
The ranking of states by tiger population for the 2018 census is as follows:
Madhya Pradesh (526))
Note: The 2010 Global Tiger Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia was the first ever Tiger Summit in the world to save tigers from extinction.
Thirteen countries of the tiger range, namely:
Indian subcontinent-India, Bangladesh , Nepal, Bhutan
SE Asia-Myanmar, Laos, Thailand , Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia
China and Russia (the host) Participated in the Tiger Summit.