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Last updated date: 07th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

What is Thermodynamics? Explain the Zeroth law of Thermodynamics and give its importance.

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Hint: Thermodynamics is distinguished from other disciplines by its temperature. This property is capable of distinguishing between hot and cold temperatures. When two or more bodies of different temperatures come into contact, they eventually reach a common temperature and are said to be in thermal equilibrium.

Complete answer:
Thermodynamics is a branch that studies heat, function, and temperature, as well as their relationships with electricity, radiation, and matter's physical properties. It describes how thermal energy is transferred to or from other sources of energy, as well as how this process affects matter. The energy derived from heat is known as thermal energy. The movement of tiny particles inside an object generates heat. The higher the speed of these particles, the more heat is produced.
Thermodynamics is concerned with the initial and final states of a system undergoing transition, rather than how and at what rate these energy transformations are carried out. It's also worth noting that thermodynamics is a macroscopic field of study. This means it is concerned with the bulk system rather than the molecular structure of matter.
One of the four laws of thermodynamics is the zeroth law of thermodynamics. Ralph H. Fowler is credited with drafting the legislation.
Consider two systems A and B that are separated by an adiabatic wall and are in contact with a third system C via a conducting wall. The system's states will change until A and B are in balance with C. Replace the adiabatic wall between A and B with a conducting wall, and place an adiabatic wall between A and B. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics is based on this. This rule states that if two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system independently, then they are both in thermal equilibrium with each other.
When two systems A and B are in thermal equilibrium, the zeroth law appears to say that there must be a physical quantity that has the same value for both. Temperature is the thermodynamic variable whose value is the same for both systems (in thermal equilibrium) (T).
\[{T_A} = {T_C}\]and \[{T_B} = {T_C}\]if A and B are in different equilibrium with C. As a result, \[{T_A} = {T_B}\]. As a result, thermal equilibrium exists between systems A and B.
The law is crucial for the mathematical formulation of thermodynamics, or, to put it another way, for stating the mathematical concept of temperature. The most common application of this rule is to compare the temperatures of various objects.
Nonetheless, thermometers are the most general implementation of the zeroth law of thermodynamics. Using a traditional thermometer with mercury in a tube, we may observe the zeroth law in action. Since the area of the tube remains constant as the temperature rises, the mercury expands. The height has risen as a result of this growth. Now, the change in the height of the mercury label indicates temperature fluctuations and, in essence, aids us in measuring it.

If we want to accurately calculate temperature, we'll need a reference body and a characteristic of that body that varies with temperature. The change in that characteristic could be interpreted as a temperature change. The chosen characteristic is referred to as a thermodynamic property.