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Question
Answers

The type of hybridization of boron in diborane is?
A- $sp$ – hybridization
B- $sp^{ 3 }$ – hybridization
C- $sp^{ 2 }$ – hybridization
D- ${ sp }^{ 3 }{ d }^{ 2 }$- hybridization

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: Try to figure out hybridization based on the number of neighboring atoms around boron atoms. Diborane consists of special bonds to satisfy the octet configuration of boron atoms.

Complete step by step answer:
- We know that diborane consists of 2 boron atoms and 6 hydrogen atoms. Out of these 6 hydrogen atoms 4 hydrogen atoms are attached to only one boron atom remaining two hydrogen atoms are attached to both borons through a special type of bond.
-Boron has 3 electrons in valence shell; it cannot complete octet directly through covalent bonds. In the excited state of boron, it has 3 unpaired electrons with 4 orbitals which can involve in bonding. In diborane 2 hydrogen atoms in between two boron atoms are connected to both atoms through a special 3 centered 2 electron bond. In 3 centered 2 electron bonds, 2 electrons are shared in between 3 centers; those are 2 boron atoms and 1 hydrogen atom to satisfy the octet of boron. This type of bond is also considered as regular while calculating hybridization. Since each boron atom has 4 bonds so hybridization will $sp^{ 3 }$ – hybridization.


Therefore, option B is correct.

Note:
has only 3 electrons in the outer shell and can form only 3 hybridized orbitals. So both boron atoms are connected whether it is through direct or indirect bonding.