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The $ Trans-3\text{ }methylpent-2-ene $ is:
(A) E
(B) Z
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) None of these

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Hint: We know that we are given an IUPAC name for the compound. The method of naming organic compounds is known as the IUPAC nomenclature. In the given name, $ suffix\text{ }ene $ is written thus, a double bond must be present.

Complete answer:
We are given an IUPAC name of the compound i.e. $ 3-methylpent-2-ene.\text{ } $ $ pent- $ means that the parent alkane is pentane. Pentane means there are carbon atoms present. $ 3-methyl $ means there is a methyl group attached to the third carbon of the parent alkane. $ pent-2-ene $ means there is a double bond to the second carbon..
Here the molecule has methyl and hydrogen on one side & methyl & ethyl on the other side of the double bond. Now, on the first side higher priority group is methyl & on the other side ethyl. If the two higher priority groups are on the same direction, the molecule is cis, otherwise trans. If two groups of higher priority are on opposite sides of the double bond, the bond is assigned the configuration E.
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Therefore, the correct answer is option C.

Remember that don't forget to Assign a number to each substituent according to the carbon atom it is attached to. If there are two substituents on the same carbon, assign the same number to them. The number the carbon atoms in the selected carbon chain from the end which is nearest to the double bond. Count the number of carbon atoms in the chain. This is the parent alkane. The name of alkene is written by replacing suffix ‘ane’ in the parent alkane by ‘ene’ Write the number indicating the position of the double position before prefix ‘ene’.