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Answers

$

a.{\text{ }}2849 \\

b.{\text{ }}4375 \\

c.{\text{ }}2317 \\

d.{\text{ }}2632 \\

$

Answer
Verified

Hint: - Sum of numbers which is not divisible by 3 or 5 is = sum of all numbers - sum of numbers which is divisible by 3 - sum of numbers which is divisible by 5 + sum of numbers which is divisible by both 3 and 5

The set of numbers which is divisible by 3 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {3,6,9,.................,99} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 3} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 99} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 6 - 3 = 3} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 99 = 3 + \left( {n - 1} \right)3 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 32 \\

\Rightarrow n = 33 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{33}}{2}\left( {3 + 99} \right) = \frac{{33}}{2} \times 102 = 1683 \\

$

The set of numbers which is divisible by 5 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {5,10,15,.................,100} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 5} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 100} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 10 - 5 = 5} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 100 = 5 + \left( {n - 1} \right)5 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 19 \\

\Rightarrow n = 20 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{20}}{2}\left( {5 + 100} \right) = 10 \times 105 = 1050 \\

$

The set of numbers which is divisible by both 3 and 5.

Therefore L.C.M of 3 and 5 is 15

The set of numbers which is divisible by 15 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {15,30,.................,90} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 15} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 90} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 30 - 15 = 15} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 90 = 15 + \left( {n - 1} \right)15 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 5 \\

\Rightarrow n = 6 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{6}{2}\left( {15 + 90} \right) = 3 \times 105 = 315 \\

$

The sum of numbers from 1 to 100.

Total number of terms from 1 to 100 is 100.

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{100}}{2}\left( {1 + 100} \right) = 50 \times 101 = 5050 \\

$

Therefore Sum of numbers which is not divisible by 3 or 5 is = sum of all numbers â€“ sum of numbers which is divisible by 3 â€“ sum of numbers which is divisible by 5 + sum of numbers which is divisible by both 3 and 5

$ \Rightarrow S = 5050 - 1683 - 1050 + 315 = 2632$

Hence, option (d) is correct.

Note: - In such types of question always remember some of the basic formulas of A.P which is stated above, then calculate the sum of all the series which is divisible by 3 , 5 and both, then using the formula which is stated above we will get the required sum which is divisible by 3 or 5.

The set of numbers which is divisible by 3 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {3,6,9,.................,99} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 3} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 99} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 6 - 3 = 3} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 99 = 3 + \left( {n - 1} \right)3 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 32 \\

\Rightarrow n = 33 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{33}}{2}\left( {3 + 99} \right) = \frac{{33}}{2} \times 102 = 1683 \\

$

The set of numbers which is divisible by 5 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {5,10,15,.................,100} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 5} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 100} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 10 - 5 = 5} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 100 = 5 + \left( {n - 1} \right)5 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 19 \\

\Rightarrow n = 20 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{20}}{2}\left( {5 + 100} \right) = 10 \times 105 = 1050 \\

$

The set of numbers which is divisible by both 3 and 5.

Therefore L.C.M of 3 and 5 is 15

The set of numbers which is divisible by 15 from 1 to 100 is $\left\{ {15,30,.................,90} \right\}$

As you see this series form an A.P with its first term$\left( {{a_1} = 15} \right)$, last term $\left( {{a_l} = 90} \right)$and common difference $\left( {d = 30 - 15 = 15} \right)$

Therefore number of terms in this series is

${a_l} = {a_1} + \left( {n - 1} \right)d$Where n is the number of terms.

$

\Rightarrow 90 = 15 + \left( {n - 1} \right)15 \\

\Rightarrow n - 1 = 5 \\

\Rightarrow n = 6 \\

$

So, the sum of this series is

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{6}{2}\left( {15 + 90} \right) = 3 \times 105 = 315 \\

$

The sum of numbers from 1 to 100.

Total number of terms from 1 to 100 is 100.

$

{S_n} = \frac{n}{2}\left( {{a_1} + {a_l}} \right) \\

\Rightarrow {S_n} = \frac{{100}}{2}\left( {1 + 100} \right) = 50 \times 101 = 5050 \\

$

Therefore Sum of numbers which is not divisible by 3 or 5 is = sum of all numbers â€“ sum of numbers which is divisible by 3 â€“ sum of numbers which is divisible by 5 + sum of numbers which is divisible by both 3 and 5

$ \Rightarrow S = 5050 - 1683 - 1050 + 315 = 2632$

Hence, option (d) is correct.

Note: - In such types of question always remember some of the basic formulas of A.P which is stated above, then calculate the sum of all the series which is divisible by 3 , 5 and both, then using the formula which is stated above we will get the required sum which is divisible by 3 or 5.

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