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The Parliament legislates on a State subject if:
I.The Rajya Sabha passes a resolution by a two-thirds majority that to do so is in the national interest
during times of emergency.
II.When the legislatures of two or more States resolve that it is lawful for Parliament to do so.
III.a treaty or international agreement has to be implemented.
I, II, and III
I, III and IV
II and III
I.II, III and IV

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Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: The Parliament doesn't have the facility to pass on the themes in List II of the Seventh Schedule. However, there square measure sure exceptions to the present general law. There square measure sure cases whereby the Parliament will pass for the States that are enumerated underneath Article 249 to 253 of the Constitution of Bharat. during this article, we might perceive the provisions of all such articles whereby the Union assembly will build laws for State subjects.

Complete answer: The first instance is that the power of Parliament to form laws within the State list within the national interest. Article 249 states that if the Rajya Sabha, as a representative of the States, passes a resolution by a special majority requesting the Parliament to enact a law on the State subject, the Parliament will pass a bill for the same. whereas the resolution is in effect, the Parliament could enact a law, and therefore the lifetime of such legislation would be six months from the ending of the resolution, which is in impact for one year unless extended. This power of the Parliament is employed solely throughout national emergencies.
The second instance is that the power of Parliament to form laws on state subjects once a proclamation of emergency is operating. per Article 250, once the proclamation of emergency is operating within the country, the Union legislative assembly has the ability to form law for any State on any subject. underneath Article 251, if the Parliament has created law on a state subject underneath Article 249 or 250 and therefore the State legislative assembly makes a law on an equivalent subject, then the State law would be subject to the philosophy of repugnancy.
The third instance is enumerated underneath Article 252. once 2 or a lot of states have passed a resolution that the Parliament ought to regulate on a matter within the State List, the Parliament will pass a law for an equivalent. once the resolution is elapsed the State legislative assembly, the powers of the State has been relinquished to the Parliament. the ability given on the Parliament is to pass the Act, and to form resulting amendments or to revoke the Act. However, the consent of the States is needed for resulting amendments and revocation. The philosophy of repugnancy isn't applicable up here because the States now not have the ability to enact on its subject.
The fourth instance is that the power of the Parliament to pass laws on State subjects for giving impact to international agreements. per Article 253, the Union legislative assembly has the ability to enact on State subjects to befits its international agreements. Thus, this square measures the four instances wherever the Parliament will create laws for an issue within the State List. This shows that Indian ideology features a sturdy Centre.

Thus, option (D) is correct.

Note: The Parliament is also empowered by the Constitution to make laws on the subjects given in the State List under the following circumstances: When Rajya Sabha passes a resolution with the special majority and declares that a subject is of National Interest, When National Emergency is in operation or the President's rule is imposed on State, If two or more states make request jointly to the Parliament, When parliament considers necessary to give effect to international agreements, treaties, and conventions.
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