Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

The number of electrons in an atom of fluorine is 9. Its electronic configuration is- fill in the blanks.

seo-qna
Last updated date: 20th Jul 2024
Total views: 348.9k
Views today: 5.48k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
348.9k+ views
Hint: Before answering this question, we should first know that In an element, the electrons are distributed in their atomic orbitals i.e Electronic configuration. It follows a certain procedure or notation where all-electron-containing atomic subshells (the number that is in the superscript) are put in a pattern and sequence. The number of electrons in an atom of fluorine is 9.

Complete answer:
The ground state atom is when the lowering of energy of electrons is not possible by transferring the electrons to the different orbitals. This configuration is the most stable one. The electrons in an atom are arranged in a pattern/sequence in shells.
The shells are represented by integer numbers 1,2,3,4 and so on. They are arranged in increasing order of the energy and are called principal quantum numbers.
n= 1,2,3..
The maximum number of electrons that a shell can hold are:
(K) n = 1 is 2
(L) n = 2 is 8
(M) n = 3 is 18
(N) n = 4 is 32
The azimuthal quantum number refers to the subshells in a shell that are represented by s,p,d,f... $\ell$=0 to (n-1), the value of $\ell$ can be equal to or greater than 0 and less than or equal to n-1.
The maximum number of electrons in a subshell is given by 2( $\ell$2+1).
So, the maximum number of electrons in the subshell
( $\ell$= 0) s is 2
( $\ell$= 1) p is 6
( $\ell$= 2) d is 10
 ( $\ell$= 3) f is 14
So, the ground-state electron configuration of Fluorine:
$^{9}F=1{{s}^{2}}2{{s}^{2}}2{{p}^{5}}$
The shorthand electron configuration will be:
$^{9}F=[He]\,2{{s}^{2}}2{{p}^{5}}$

Note:
The problem we face while writing the electronic configuration is that they are very lengthy and often make our work more, In this, we use abbreviations or condensed notations in place of the standard notations. The abbreviated notation is known as shorthand configuration. In this, the sequence of filled subshells that is relative to the electronic configuration of a noble gas is replaced by the symbol of that noble gas. The symbol of noble gas is written in square brackets.