Hint: The botanical garden is located in a state which is in the eastern region of India along the Bay of Bengal. The botanical garden was established in 1786 by Colonel Robert Kyd, an army officer of the East India Company.
The largest botanical garden of India is the Indian Botanical garden, located in the Shibpur city of the Howrah district of the state West Bengal. This garden was mainly built for the identification of new plants for commercial purposes, such as spices and teak for trade. It is the oldest of all the Botanical Gardens in India. The great banyan tree of the Indian Botanical Garden is around 255 years old and is considered to be the oldest citizen of the city. The trees cover about 14,500 sq m of land and is the widest tree in the world.
Additional Information: -From these gardens, the tea now grown in Assam and Darjeeling was first developed.
-Trees of the rarest kinds, from Nepal, Brazil, Penang, Java, and Sumatra can be found in this garden.
-There is a serpent-shaped lake inside this garden where boating is possible.
- Alexander Kyd of the East India Company developed the garden for the collection of plants, indigenous to the country, and for the introduction and acclimatization of plants from foreign parts.
So, the correct answer is, ‘Indian botanical garden, Shibpur.’
Note: The Indian botanical garden exhibits a wide variety of rare plants and a total collection of over 12,000 specimens spread over 109 hectares. It is under the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.