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The establishment of Turkish rule in India led to the replacement of ______ by ______ as the official language in many regions.
A)Hindi, Sanskrit
B)Hindi, Urdu
C)Hindi, Persian
D)Sanskrit, Persian

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: According to historian Lane Poole, “The real Mohammedan conquerors of India were not Arabs but Turks.”

Complete answer:
Quṭb al-Din Aibak had been among sultan Muḥammad of Ghur’s most trusted Turkish officers and had overseen his master’s Indian conquests. Aibak was appointed as the governor general of the first Muslim kingdom in India in 1193. Hence it was Ghauri was the one who established Muslim (Turkish) rule in India.

The Khiljis were the second Dynasty of Turks who encouraged conversion to Islam and Muslim missionaries were at their greatest during their tenure. At this, time a majority of the population of Delhi was Turk. The Turks governed over a vast area of the Indian Subcontinent for approximately 800 years.

Hence, the correct answer is option (D)

Note: The dynasty of the slaves, also known as the Turks ruled India from 1206 to 1290. Qutbuddin Aibak was the first ruler who was bought from Turkistan and sold to Qazi of Nishapur. A merchant then brought him to Ghazni where he was bought by Muhammad of Ghur. During Ghauri’s attack on India, Qutb al-Din Aibak accompanied him as one of his generals. He proved to be worthy of his selection and confidence placed in him and justified it by extending his territory from Delhi to Bengal. The other famous slave rulers were Iltitmush who was the son in law of Aibak, Razia Sultan and Balbun.